Sancho Panza is a neighbor of Don Quixote. He is an illiterate laborer who signs on to be Don Quixote's squire in hopes of becoming governor of an island as a reward for some adventure. At first Sancho is a timid character. Gradually, however, Sancho becomes more loquacious, full of proverbs, and a believer in Don Quixote's madness. He also functions as the jester, or the gracioso (the buffoon character of Spanish comedy) archetype.
Sancho is illiterate and proud of the fact. He adds humor to the novel, Don Quixote. Sancho is a realist. He is a rude peasant who serves as a faithful companion to Don Quixote. Another term for Sancho would be sidekick. He travels with Don Quixote and is the voice of reason to Quixote's idealistic thinking.
Initially, Quixote and Sancho are opposites. Sancho only plays the part of sidekick in hopes of becoming wealthy. Quixote is caught up in the romance of his chivalric readings:
He longs to resurrect this world he has long read of: chivalry, battles with giants and evil knights, the rescue of virtuous maidens. Instead, Don Quixote deals with windmills, bedclothes, and much disappointment. Along the way, he acquires a sidekick, Sancho, who helps Don Quixote in hopes of getting rich. This dynamic duo has provided readers throughout the centuries with humorous, yet poignant, chivalric tales.
By the end of the novel, Sancho has become quite fond of his companion, Quixote. Initially, Sancho was willing to be the squire or personal attendant to Quixote in hopes of a reward that would make him rich. By the end of the story, Sancho has served Quixote faithfully with nothing in return. The two of them become very close. In the end, when...