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Punishment in the U.S. Corrections

Punishment in the U.S. Corrections
Melinda Winters
CJA/234
Ms. Ortega
March 7, 2013
Abstract
This paper will give detail of the different forms of punishment in the U.S. department of corrections system. It will discuss what the state and federal objectives are. It will also tell how sentencing affects the state and federal system overall. It will explain what determinate and indeterminate sentencing is and which one is most important from the writer’s aspect.

Punishment in the U.S. Corrections
Everyone has their own opinion when it comes to how someone should be punished. As a child some parents may have spank their children while others may have used one of the alternatives such as items considered luxury being taken away from the individual. Who’s to say that either way is the right way or the wrong way? Some people have a strong belief that the punishment must fit the crime committed. Would that be considered justice? Some feel if we gave the person committing a certain crime the same punishment in return then there more opt to learn their lesson. First we need to determine the state and federal objectives when it comes to punishment. Every day hundreds of individuals appear before a judge to receive time for crimes they have committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year. Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike laws for repeated offenders. There are sentencing for some crimes that have little consideration to personnel factors regarding offenders, their crimes, and the victims. There are...
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