Commentary Search

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 70
  • Published : January 23, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
LIBERTY THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

COMMENTARY SEARCH
ON APORIA IN THE 21ST CHAPTER OF JOHN

WRITTEN FOR PROFESSOR THOMAS CAMPBELL
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE COURSE
NBST 655 THE GOSPEL OF JOHN

BY DENISE WATSON-SMITH #221890

July 15, 2012

LYNCHBURG, VA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………...3 COMMENTARY ANALYSIS…………..………………………………………………..3
D.A. Carson……………………………………………………………………….3
W. Hall Harris III………………………………………………………………….4
Leon Morris……………………………………………………………………….6 DISCUSSION/EVALUATION …………………………………………………….…….6 CONCLUSION……………………………………………………………………..……..7 BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………………………………………………9

INTRODUCTION
Within the Gospel of John lies a tremendous amount of texts that offer an element of controversy or irregularities. With some of the issues that are presented by these controversies, the question can be posed if the Gospel of John was authored by one or by a few different people. Looking at the scriptures and the placement of these things, it would appear that one wrote one thing and one wrote another and they all came together later. These texts or scriptures pose a problem to many readers of this gospel because they do not correspond either chronologically or topically and at times it appears that the narration seems to flow in a manner that is not consistent. The aporia for this particular assignment is the controversy of John 21. Does the same author as chapters 1-20 author this particular chapter, and if so, where did the controversy stem? By viewing commentaries by D.A. Carson, W. Hall Harris III and Leon Morris, we can bring evidence that this chapter along with chapters 1-20 were indeed authored by the same person, yet the time when it was written was at a much later date which would give way to the controversy. COMMENTARY ANALYSIS

Commentary 1~ D.A. Carson
Carson offers and approach to the matter at hand in this manner. He states that the chapter in question was indeed written by the same author that wrote chapters 1 through 20, along with the fact that it was written with the rest of the Gospel of John. This particular chapter offered a balance if you will within the book of John by offering explanations of things that may have been left unanswered during the previous chapters. Carson gives four items to be considered when discussing the authorship of this particular chapter. He first item he mentions is the observation by Bultmann who noticed there were a great amount of words in this particular chapter that are have a striking resemblance to the verbiage in the Gospel of John. Carson reviews the words from the previous chapters in John and notices that they words in chapters 1-20 like the words in chapter 21 offer a unusual usage pattern.

The next item that Carson highlights is the fact that there are scholars who have shown concern that they feel as if chapter 20 of this Gospel was the conclusion, and chapter 21 must have been added later, because everything that needed to be said was concluded in the last verses of chapter 20.

The third items that Carson sheds light on is that he sees this particular chapter as the proverbial icing on the cake in the sense that it adds to the chapters that it adds to the gospel itself by tying up any thing that was currently left undone.

The last item that Carson speaks on to help authenticate the authorship of this Gospel is by stating “there is not textual evidence that the book was ever published without John 21.” With the information that was presented by Carson, he concludes that it does not matter if the chapter 21 was added at a later date, it was still penned by the same author as in the previous chapters. Commentary 2 ~ W. Hall Harris III

Harris III, though his opinion is one of a conservative nature, his views are similar to that of Carson. Harris states that if chapter 21 was added at a later time to this particular Gospel by another author, it would had to have been added early enough...
tracking img