* The Reformation - The 16th century was the time of the Reformation when the breakdown of religious orders meant that hospitals and nursing care seriously deteriorated. Women were expected to remain in the home caring for families thus depleting the numbers of practicing nurses.
Sisters of Charity
* 1633 – The founding of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Servants of the Sick Poor by Sts. Vincent de Paul and Louise de Marillac. The community would not remain in a convent, but would nurse the poor in their homes, "having no monastery but the homes of the sick, their cell a hired room, their chapel the parish church, their enclosure the streets of the city or wards of the hospital." * 1645 – Jeanne Mance establishes North America's first hospital, l'Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal. * 1654 and 1656 – Sisters of Charity care for the wounded on the battlefields at Sedan and Arras in France. * 1660 – Over 40 houses of the Sisters of Charity exist in France and several in other countries; the sick poor are helped in their own dwellings in 26 parishes in Paris. 18th century
* 1755 – Rabia Choraya, head nurse or matron in the Moroccan Army. She traveled with Braddock’s army during the French & Indian War. She was the highest-paid and most respected woman in the army. * 1783 – James Derham, a slave from New Orleans, buys his freedom with money earned working as a nurse.  http://www.slideshare.net/KIMRNBSN/glimpse-of-contemporary-nursing#13535780879211&hideSpinner 15TH CENTURY