Class of Civilization

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This article was a review of Samuel. P. Huntington's thesis “The Clash of Civilization,” where the thesis outlines a future where the "great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural" (Huntington, 22) and not primarily on the basis of ideology or economic. And the clash of civilization will dominate global politics. Conflict between civilizations will be the latest phase in the evolution of conflict in the modern world. Prior to the Treaty of Westphalia, which was a series of peace treaties signed to end the Thirty Year’s War in the Holy Roman Empire and the Eighty Year’s War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, the global conflict were mainly between emperor, absolute monarch that attempted to expand their bureaucracies, armies, economic and above all their territory, until the emergence of France Revolution. Trend of conflict slightly shifted into conflict between nations rather than princes, until it was the culminating on First World War ended into ideological conflict, first among communism, fascism-Nazism and liberal democracy and then communism and liberal democracy during the Cold War era. Now by the end of cold war and dismemberment of the Soviet Union, international politics move out to another interaction, which is the West and non-Western civilization. Where the people and the governments of non-Western civilization no longer remain the object of history bur rather tends to shape the history. How and why did civilizations clash? Individuals needed to understand the nature of civilization, where Huntington defines, as cultural entity, such as village, ethnic groups, nationalities, and religious groups all have distinct cultures at different level of heterogeneity. Thus, a civilization is the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity that people have. This distinguishes human from other species of animals. From the definition mentioned before, the nature of civilization would...
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