Civics Midterm Study Guide

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Civics Midterm Study Guide.

1. What is Civics? Study of citizenship and government.

2. Define a citizen. Someone who is born in the U.S. or someone who goes through the naturalization process.

3. What is government? A group of people who make up rules and have control.

4. Name 3 reasons why we need government. 1) Keep order. 2) Provide services. 3) To prevent anarchy (lack of government)

5. What are the 3 levels of gov’t? Judicial, Legislative, and Executive.

6. This is the name given to a government where the power resides with the people? Local Government.

7. What are the 2 types of democracies? 1)Democracy- rights of people to rule themselves. 2)Representative Democracy- people who choose smaller body to govern on their behalves.

8. This is a gov’t system based on religious rule? Theocracy.

9. In which form of gov’t does a single person or small group hold all the power? Dictatorship.

10. What are the 2 ways in which a person can become a citizen of the United States? Birth and the naturalization process.

11. What are the requirements to be naturalized? 1)File an intent form. 2) Live in the U.S. for 5 years. 3) Must be 18 years old. 4) Take the naturalization test. 5) Take an oath of citizenship.

12. There are the things that all citizens are required to do? Pay taxes.

13. Name the five basic requirements of all citizens? 1) File an intent form. 2) You have to be living in the U.S. at least for 5 years. 3) Must be 18 years or older. 4) Take the naturalization test. 5) Take an oath of citizenship.

14. Give several examples of written documents that contain our rights? Declaration of Independence, Bill of Rights, and The Constitution.

15. Give an example of a liberty right. Freedom of Speech.

16. What is the Census? They are the ones who must have a count of the population in the county for representative in congress.

17. Why are we concerned about the age of the “baby boom” generation? Because of birth rates.

ID the Following

1. Sir Walter Raleigh - English aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy, and explorer. He is also well known for popularizing tobacco in England 2. John Smith – English explorer, soldier, and author

3. Virginia Dare – first child born in the Americas to English parents 4. Lost colony - a settlement of British colonists whom Walter Raleigh sent to Roanoke Island 5. Starving Time - The Starving Time at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a period of forced starvation initiated by the Powhatan Confederacy 6. House of Burgesses – First representative democracy

7. John Rolfe/ Tobacco – known for cultivating tobacco in VA & sparking to tobacco trade 8. Headright System – legal grant of land to settlers
9. Indentured servants/slaves – a person/s who agreed to work for 4-7 years in return for a person paying their passage to the New World 10. Puritans – wanted to purify the church of England and had to religious tolerance 11. Mayflower Compact – set up the 1st democracy

12. Rhode Island (Roger Williams) – state in the New England region of the United States 13. Pennsylvania (William Penn) – US state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the US, and the Great Lakes region 14. Carolina Colonies – VA, Mass, New Hemisphere, Maryland, Connecticut, RI, Delaware, NC, SC, NJ, NY, PA, GA 15. Mercantilism – economic system where the colonies exist to make a favorable balance of trade for the mother country 16. Navigation Acts – laws passed by England that said all goods leaving or going to the colonies had to go to England first & had to be transported on English ships 17. Glorious Revolution – against James II

18. Salutary Neglect – period when England relaxed its enforcement of most regulations in the colonies for continued economic loyalty and support from the colonies 19. John...
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