Christ and His Alter Ego “Rizal”:
Choice- Point Analysis of SDA and Rizalistas
Arenas, J. Axel
Duran, Mary Diane
Lacia, Kristine Hyacinth
Taylan, Carl Patrick
Professor Augustus Añonuevo
Department of Social Sciences
University of the Philippines
Los Baños, Laguna
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” (John 3:16).
The Christian faith’s prime teaching is the belief in three persons in one God; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, of which the second person is Jesus Christ (“Christ” means the anointed one); the savior, redeemer of all, the crucified and risen (Slick). But what is Christianity? And who are Christians? In the broadest sense, it is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth; its corresponding beliefs and practices. These teachings were written in the scripture; the Bible. It is a collection of letters and narratives by 40 contributors; thirty in the Old Testament and ten in the New Testament. Several authors include David, Moses, Mark, John and Paul. The primary author, as believed to be by Christians, is the “infinite” God himself. The human authors, on the other hand, were used as media to deliver his teachings and message. The Bible tells us that an angel came to Mary of Nazareth and brought her the news that she was chosen to bear the child of God, Jesus Christ, through Immaculate Conception. He lived a life as a human being and died for the sole purpose of saving mankind from sins: “He was crucified, died, and was buried;
He descended to the dead.
On the third day he rose again;
He ascended into heaven,
He is seated at the right hand of the Father,
And he will come to judge the living and the dead.”
From these scriptures, different interpretations arose. Different religion ascended and two of these are Seventh Day Adventist and Iglesias Watawat ng Lahi, Inc. - Malvarosa Faction Seventh Day Adventist
It was during the so-called The Second Great Awakening in America when the Seventh Day Adventist’s origin can be traced. The “Millerite” movement led by a Baptist-converted preacher William Miller, predicted that the Second Coming (of Jesus) would happen sometime between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844. It was based on his interpretation of Daniel 8:14 (see notes). They were identified as Adventists for the reason that he and his followers declared Jesus Christ’s forthcoming advent (Brom, 2004). When his prediction failed, he then established the ‘seventh-month movement’ claiming that He would return in the seventh month of the Jewish calendar which was October. Same thing happened to this prediction that led many of his believers to leave the movement. These letdowns become known as The Great Disappointment (Robinson, 2009). Then, Miller gradually withdrew his leadership from the movement and died in 1849 still believing that the Second Coming was imminent (White, 1875). Believing that Miller’s 1844 prediction was correct, Ellen White together with Joseph Bates, her husband James White and other Adventists formed a small group of Baptist, Methodist, Congregational and Presbyterian believers in Washington, New Hampshire. This was known as the Seventh Day Adventist denomination, which officially adopted its name in 1860. She referred the prediction as the start of an ‘Investigative Judgment’ where Christ will judge the dead and the living on earth for their righteousness. This would soon be followed by, as Miller told it, the ‘Second Coming of Jesus’. On the 21st of May, 1863, their church was formally organized as the Seventh Day Adventist Church (Brom, 2004). In the Philippines, the first Adventist church was established in Sta. Ana, Manila on March 11, 1911 by the missionaries namely the Finsters and the Caldwells. Their starting membership consisted of 12 baptized converts including six other Filipinos who were accepted by profession of...
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