Childrens Lit.

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EDU 291
History Review
Bussey/45940/History Review
1.Define children’s literature. Both fiction and non-fiction books, written especially for children 0-12 years old. 2.Name four children's basic needs met by reading books. Just list them, but be aware of the meaning of each. (There are seven basic needs listed in your reading. These are not Maslov’s Basic Human Needs.) Security, Achievement, Belonging, To love and be loved. 3.Define the term "vicarious experience." What does it have to do with children's literature? A vicarious experience is the sympathetic participation in the experience of another. 4.What are the qualities of a good story? (There are four you can find in your reading.) Lively action and plot, worthwhile theme or message, unique, memorable character, and style that reads aloud delightfully. 5.What values are gained from literature? (Note I said "literature," which denotes quality. I did not say just books. Three values are listed in the class notes.) * Vicarious experiences through books give insight into living, broaden experiences, and teach about others and self. * Books explore the world of nature and creatures which gives reverence for life, and develops sensitivity to beauty and goodness and decency in human beings and animals. * Books provide a zest for life in all its dimensions: tragic, dull, triumphant and joyous. It is good for mankind to share

6.Describe what constitutes a Caldecott Award-winning book. 1. The Medal shall be awarded annually to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published by an American publisher in the United States in English during the preceding year. There are no limitations as to the character of the picture book except that the illustrations be original work. Honor books may be named. These shall be books that are also truly distinguished. 2. The award is restricted to artists who are citizens or residents of the United States.  Books published in a U.S. territory or U.S. commonwealth are eligible. 3. The committee in its deliberations is to consider only books eligible for the award, as specified in the terms.

7.Give an example of a Caldecott Winner (title and author). A Sick Day for Amos McGee, illustrated by Erin E. Stead, written by Philip C. Stead

8.Describe what constitutes a Caldecott Honor book.
The Caldecott Honor is a citation given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA). The Caldecott Honor is given to worthy runners-up for the Caldecott Medal, a higher honor. Though the Caldecott Honor was initiated in 1971, specially cited runners-up for the Caldecott Medal from previous years were retroactively named Caldecott Honor books. 9.Give an example of a Caldecott Honor winner (title and author). Dave the Potter: Artist, Poet, Slave, illustrated by Bryan Collier, written by Laban Carrick Hill 10.How are Caldecott winners determined and who decides the winner? The Caldecott Medal "shall be awarded to the artist of the most distinguished American Picture Book for Children published in the United States during the preceding year. The award shall go to the artist, who must be a citizen or resident of the United States, whether or not he be the author of the text. Members of the Newbery Medal Committee will serve as judges. 11.Describe what constitutes a Newbery Award-winning book.

1. The Medal shall be awarded annually to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children published by an American publisher in the United States in English during the preceding year. There are no limitations as to the character of the book considered except that it be original work. Honor books may be named. These shall be books that are also truly distinguished. 2. The Award is restricted to authors who are citizens or residents of the United States. 3. The committee in its deliberations is to consider only...
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