Children of War

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  • Topic: War rape, Crime against humanity, Restorative justice
  • Pages : 57 (18214 words )
  • Download(s) : 100
  • Published : April 26, 2011
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M.A. Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a Masters of Arts Degree in Peace and Conflict Studies

EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY CENTRE FOR PEACE STUDIES, AUSTRIA

Emerging from the Shadows: Finding a Place for Children Born of War By Zahra Ismail

Thesis Advisors: Zulfiya Tursunova, PhD Candidate, Ina Curic, M.A.

February 2008

Table of Contents: Introduction and Motivation…………………………………………………………5 Chapter 1-The Plight of Children Born of War: Societal Responses and International Justice…………………………………………………………………11 1.1 Societal Responses……………………………………………………………..12 1.2 Forced Pregnancy……………………………………………………………….12 1.3 Convention on the Rights of the Child………………………………………16 1.4 Justice for Children Born of War……………………………………………..19 1.5 Conclusion……………....………………………………………………………..24 Chapter 2-The Inclusion of Children Born of War-Healing, Reconciliation and Forgiveness……………………………………………………………………...26 2.1 Peacebuilding…………………………………………………………………….27 2.2 Community………………………………………………………………………..28 2.3 Healing……………………………………………………………………………..31 2.4 Reconciliation, Forgiveness…………………………………………………...33 2.5 Perpetrators………………………………………………………………………34 2.6 Children Born of War……………………………………………………………36 2.7 Mothers of Children Born of War……………………………………………..38 2.8 Conclusion……………...……………………………….………………………..39 Chapter 3-Engaging Communities: The Role of Education in Healing for Transforming the Status of Children Born of War……………………………..41 3.1 Theories in Education…………………………………………………………..42 3.2 Peace Education………………………………………….……………………...44 3.3 Trauma………………………………………………………………………….....47 3.4 Healing Through Education……………………………………………………48 3.5 Education for Prevention……………………………………………………....51 3.6 Conclusion…………….……………………………………………………….....52

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Conclusion: Finding a Place for Children Born of War…….…………………54 References…………………………………………………………………………….58

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Acknowledgements: I want to express my appreciation to the many people who have supported, inspired, encouraged, and provided me with such wonderful guidance in my journey through the often difficult and heart wrenching exploration of this topic. I am immensely grateful to Ina Curic for her gentle and constant encouragement, her unconditional support, and for honoring me with her insights and reflections for the completion of this work; to Zulfiya Tursunova for her support as I began my exploration of this topic, for opening my eyes to depth, scope and potential of peace education, for sharing with me with her thoughts and providing guidance for writing on children born of war. I am eternally appreciative to everyone I met at EPU, who continue to inspire me each and every day. I am deeply thankful to each and every one of my colleagues, with whom I feel so fortunate to have had this opportunity to experience community. My gratitude goes to the many friends who made time to talk through ideas, contribute to new realizations and eye opening discoveries, and whose messages of encouragement and motivation always came at the absolute right moment. Also to my family for their continuous love and support. To all those who are and have been working with courage and conviction for bringing attention to the plight of children born of war, you have been an inspiration. The journey continues.

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Introduction and Motivation: Sexual violence is widespread during violent conflicts, and it is estimated that tens of thousands of children have been born as a result of mass rape and forced pregnancy campaigns. Conceived in war-affected regions across the globe, children born to rape victims either as a result of systematic planning or as a consequence of the rape, face a great deal of stigma in their communities. This has often led to grave consequences for these children including infanticide, abandonment, trafficking, poverty, statelessness, trauma, and confusion around identity.1 The plight of these children however has been largely overlooked by both local and international actors,...
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