Childhood Obesity

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Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. The problem is global and is steadily affecting many low- and middle-income families particularly in the United States. The socioeconomic status of these families contributes to the childhood obesity epidemic. Summary of Article 1

The article, “Beliefs about the Role of Parenting in Feeding and Childhood Obesity among Mothers of Lower Socioeconomic Status” is a study that was conducted by Alison Kalinowski, Kylene Krause, Carla Berdejo, Kristina Harrell, Katherine Rosenblum, and Julie Lumeng. The study was published in the Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior. The focus of the study was to examine beliefs about the role of parenting in feeding and childhood obesity among mothers of lower socioeconomic status. According to the study Children of lower socioeconomic status (SES) in the United States are more likely to be obese. The study focused on 91 mothers from different populations who were asked a series of questions ranging from meal schedules to rewarding children with food. The results of the study reflected three primary themes. These themes are negative memories of being fed in childhood, maternal emotional investment in the child enjoying the meal, and attributing obesity in other people’s children to inept or neglectful parenting. Many of the mothers in this study attributed obesity to poor meal plans because their parents could not afford to provide a nutritious meal. Mothers in this study were also afforded the opportunity to reflect on how they were fed as a child and how it influences their relationships with their own children.

Summary of Article 2
The article, “Effect of a two-year obesity prevention intervention on percentile changes in body mass index and academic performance in low-income elementary school children” is a study that was conducted by Danielle Hollar, PhD, MHA, Sarah E. Messiah, PhD, MPH, Gabriela Lopez-Mitnik, MPhil, MS, T. Lucas Hollar, PhD, Marie Almon, RD, MS, and Arthur S. Agatston, MD. The study was published in the American Journal of Public Health in 2010. The focus of the study was to assess the effects of a school-based obesity prevention intervention that included dietary, curricula, and physical activity components on body mass index (BMI) percentiles and academic performance among low-income elementary school children. According to the article the prevalence of obesity remains high among all age and racial groups in the United States, particularly among African Americans, Hispanic and Mexican Americans, and low-income children. The article also states many factors affect a child’s school achievement including socioeconomic status and obesity. Schools play an integral part in improving the health of children and in turn academic performance. The findings of the study concluded that school based interventions play an important part in the improvement of health among low-income children. Summary of Article 3

The article, “Healthcare providers' perceptions of the factors contributing to infant obesity in a low-income Mexican American community is a study that was conducted by Susan L. Johnson, PhD, Lauren Clark, PhD, Kristen Goree, DPN, Mary O’Connor, MD, and and Lorena Marquez Zimmer, MS. This study was published in the Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing in 2008. The focus of the study was to examine the perceptions of Mexican American infant feeding practices and obesity. Obesity affects 17% of school-age youth (6–19 years) and 11% of infants and toddlers (6–23months) in the United States. Over the last two decades obesity among Mexican American infants have drastically increased. Some of the socioeconomic factors affecting Mexican America factors are this community is their cultural background. Findings of the study showed that obesity in Mexican American infants are related to the belief that a chubby baby is a healthy baby. Some of the other findings showed that...
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