Toward Abortion and a Social trend in Vietnam
While researching the changes in the fast pace of modern life, where most people are concerned about economic developments and democratic lifestyles, we found myriad shocking facts about a questionable social evil: abortion. Abortion is not a new phenomenon. But the increasing statistics of abortion and the rising contribution from adolescents have raged concerns about the young Vietnamese’s living attitude and their senses of responsibility. Abortion in Vietnam has reached the alarming level. Our goal in this paper is to bring these startling facts into discussion by arguing whether child abortion should be legalized and how can we reverse the trend in Vietnam. To achieve this goal, we have organized our paper into 3 main parts. In the first section, we provide an account of historical review of child abortion to make comparisons of the current trend in Vietnam and worldwide: rate of abortion of all pregnancies, rate of reasons contributed to child abortion. In the second section we discuss the For and Against arguments over the legislation of child abortion. We end our paper with answers to the questions: If abortion is legal, what message is this sending to young men and women? Do fetuses have rights? What’s about the safety and right to a happy life for the unborn child? Should developments go along with deterioration of moral values? Before giving and overview about the modern trend of child abortion, it’s necessary to provide an historical context of child abortion to see the differences between the old and the new trend, and to answer the questions why abortion has become a social evil in Vietnam, and it is to this that we now turn. According to Wikipedia, it is said that “Abortion is a termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced”. Or like Oxford dictionary has defined: “Abortion is the deliberate ending of a pregnancy at an early stage”. The nineteenth century saw many changes to daily Vietnamese life with an increase in economic developments, cultural exchanges following globalization and freer thoughts of living attitudes. As a result, come the rising population and social changes like free lifestyles, hurried love, easy sexual relationship in the young generation. One of the “hottest potatoes” is easy sex, democratic love, one-night stand, which resulted in pregnancy before marriage and high rate of child abortion. In the past, Vietnamese women loved having a lot of children and never gave up on the child’s birth for any reason except the national benefits- the government’s trial to control the birth rate. Traditionally, the Vietnamese girls cared so much about their marriage and future life that they tried their best to prevent post-marriage pregnancy. Also so innocent was the traditional opinion of love that even touching hands in offending, shy and unimaginable. In contrast, the young generation becomes much more modern and democratic in their living lifestyles that they save their commitment and further thoughts until having satisfied their love needs and one-night stand. Vietnam used to force child abortion to control birth rate- But abortion only becomes a social evil by now. In the past people only called for abortion when they were forced to. Just 8 years ago, most of the mothers choosing abortion aged at least over 25 (while in the current time- 2013, the age limit fell to 15) due to health problem or government’s policy. (According to HRmars, International Journal of academic research in social sciences) Nowadays, most mothers aged below 20 chose abortions for very petty excuses (poverty, promotion, immaturity...). This proves that abortion’s popularity as an escaping method: teen mom and dad can ignorantly talk about the aborted child as if it was...
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