Ethical Theories Chart
Complete the chart below using information from the weekly readings and additional research if necessary. Include APA formatted in-text citations when applicable and list all references at the bottom of the page.
Ethical Theory| | | |
| Utilitarianism| Deontological| Virtue ethics|
Definition| The doctrine that utility is the sole standard of morality, so that the rectitude of an action is determined by its usefulness. (1913 Webster)| Deontological is an approach of ones duty of ethics, principles, values, honesty, loyalty, compassion, and respect for human beings and property. (section II)| Virtue ethics is an approach to ethics that emphasizes the character of the moral agent, rather than rules or consequences, as the key.| Ethical thinker associated with theory| James Millshttp://www.utilitarianism.com/james-mill.html| Emmanuel Kant(Trevino & Nelson, 2007)| Rosalind Hursthousehttp://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/| Decision-making process| Decisions are made and determined on the good and not the bad consequences, maximizes the benefits and minimizes the harms to society. (section II)| Decisions are made based on moral, principles, values and honesty. Bad and good are both considered in the decision making process. (section II)| Decisions are made based on character, motivations and intentions. This doesn’t mean that principles, rules, or consequences aren’t considered. (section II) | Workplace example| Utilitarianism rests on what is known as the "golden rule" of workplace ethics. According to this rule, an individual is responsible for, and concerned with, the well-being and happiness of others. The golden rule holds that ethical individuals are those who avoid causing harm and seek ways to help others. Utilitarianism is therefore concerned with actions that produce benefit and avoid harm. Utilitarian workplace values include honesty,...