Chapter 21 Art

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21

HUMANISM AND THE ALLURE OF ANTIQUITY
FIFTEENTH-CENTURY ITALIAN ART

TEXT PAGES 572-611

1. List three tenants that underlay Italian Humanism:

a.

b.

c.

2. What fifteenth-century German invention facilitated the distribution of books and the knowledge they contained?

3. What was the basis of the wealth of the Medici family?

4. List four roles played by the arts in 15th century Italian princely courts.

a.

b.

c.

d.

FLORENCE

1. Name the two finalists for the commission of the north doors of the Baptistry of Florence and briefly describe their styles:
Name Style
a.

b.

.

2. List three elements that constitute the greatness of Donatello’s art,

a.

b.

c.

3. Donatello’s Feast of Herod (FIG. 21-3), done in 1425, marked the advent of

4. The invention of linear prerspective is generally attributed to:

5. Define the following and draw and label a diagram if appropriate:

Atmospheric perspective:

Linear perspective:

Orthogonals

Horizon line:

Vanishing point:

6 The artist who created the doors of the Baptistry of Florence Cathedral
that best demonstrate the new principles of linear perspective was

What name did Michelangelo give to the doors?

7. Viewers identified saints from their symbolic attributes. Write the names of the following saints after the appropriate description: Augustine, Francis of Assisi, George, Jerome, Peter, Stephen.

Has a stigmata and wears a long robe, tied at the waist:

Young knight in armor with a cross on his shield, slaying a dragon:

Carries keys:

Scholar at his desk or a hermit in the wilderness:

Holds a stone:

Wears a bishop’s vestments and mitre:

8. Name the patrons and the artists who created the following figures for Or San Michele:
ArtistPatron

Saint George

Saint Mark:

Quattro Santi Coronati
(4 crowned saints)

9. In what figure did Donatello first utilize the principle of weight shift (ponderation)?
Describe contrapposto:

10. List three ways in which Donatello’s Zuccone (FIG. 21-8) differs strikingly from traditional representations of prophets: a.

b.

.
c.

11. Gentile da Fabriano’s Adoration of the Magi (FIG 21-9) is considered a masterpiece of the_______________ style.

12. In contrast to Gentile’s conservatism, Masaccio’s Tribute Money (FIG. 21-10) was revolutionary. List three of his innovations: a.

b.

c.

13. Although an artistic descendant of ____________, Masaccio used light to model his bulky figures in an entirely new way. Describe his method:

14. What two Renaissance interests are summed up in Masaccio’s Holy Trinity fresco (FIG. 21-12) a.
b.

.
15. Why did Brunelleschi design the dome of Florence Cathedral with an ogival rather than a semi-circular section?

16. Which of Brunelleschi's buildings most closely approximates the centralized plan?

Write down three phrases that describe its interior (FIG. 21-19): a.

b.

c.

17. Who designed the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi (FIGS. 21-20, 21-21)?

The design of the courtyard shows the influence of___________

.
What is rusticated stone and how was it used on the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi?

18. The Florentine artist who combined training in the International Style with a passion for perspective was __________________

19. What was the major significance of Donatello’s bronze statue of David (FIG. 21-23)?

Describe the classical characteristics that are apparent in the figure:

It was commissioned for the courtyard of

20. One of the most important Italian sculptors of the second...
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