The Life and Contributions of Saint Jerome and Gregory of Nazianzus to the Early Church

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 478
  • Published : June 1, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview

EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY
ADO EKITI

FACULTY OF ARTS
DEPARTMENT OF RELIGIOUS STUDIES
COURSE TITLE: EARLY CHURCH FATHERS
COURSE CODE: RES 764
TOPIC: THE LIFE AND CONTRIBUTIONS OF SAINT JEROME AND GREGORY OF ZAZIANZUS TO THE EARLY CHURCH BY
FASUSI, EBENEZER AYODEJI
MATRICULATION NUMBER: PG/RES/11/048
LECTURER
PROF. G.O . ABE
MAY 2013.

Top of Form
Bottom of Form
Top of Form
Bottom of Form

Introduction
The Christian church has passed through many eras with lots of changes and reformations. These changes at different times make the church to be a dynamic agency within the society.[i] Blainey has attributed the changes, reformations, and growth in Christianity to the works, life and writings of some early Christian fathers.[ii] The works of these early church fathers were centered on the defense of Christian faith and traditions like the Trinity, Virgin birth, second coming and lots more. This paper therefore attempts a discussion of the life and contributions of two of the early church fathers; Saint Jerome

Gregory of Nazianzus
Saint Jerome: His early life and education
Saint Jerome, otherwise known as Hieronymus lived between 345 and 420.[iii] He was born into a wealthy Christian home in Stridon in the modern day Slovenia.[iv] Jerome started his academic life at age twelve. Jerome studied Latin literature, grammar, rhetoric and philosophy through which he later became a scholar and Doctor of the Christian church. For Clark, the seriousness and love for academic enabled Jerome to go far in sound education and his scholastic achievements.[v] At the completion of his Roman education, he was baptized at about AD 366.[vi] Saint Jerome was an Apostle of asceticism with deep interest in Roman classics and philosophy. His conversion and interest in Christian thoughts and writings was as a result of a dream he had in which he was accused of been a follower of Cicero rather than been a follower of Jesus Christ. He woke from the dream with a vow to be committed to the reading, studying and working on Christian doctrines and traditions.[vii] This is a major personal religious experience. It could be deduced from the above that the life and above all the contributions of Saint Jerome to Christianity was as a result of this personal encounter although he later augured that it was a childish experience.[viii] As a result of the dream, he was able to do a thorough exegesis of the book of Obadiah.[ix] He learned Hebrew from a Jewish convert, studied Greek, had manuscripts copied for his library and his friends, and carried on a brisk correspondence.[x] No doubt, the baptism of Saint Jerome, his early exposure to Roman education and philosophy in addition to his grasp of Hebrew and Greek languages all in his early life enabled him to made so much contributions (as discussed below) to the early church and to have been identified as a church father. Saint Jerome’s contributions to the early church

Saint Jerome among others made two basic contributions to the growth of the early church. These contributions are as follows: Asceticism
Asceticism, a way of life that is characterized by abstinence from worldly pleasures,[xi] was well promoted by Saint Jerome. After the death of Pope Damasus who engaged him as a secretary and counselor,[xii] St. Jerome moved to Rome in 382 in search of solitary life and later to Egypt.[xiii] He lived in the desert as hermit in order to avoid temptations. For Saltet, Jerome as a result of his conviction on monasticism helped established lots of monasteries for male and female. It was in Rome that he made much impact and had women followers who used their wealth in the establishments and supports of monatries.[xiv]

Bible Translation
Much of Jerome influence and contributions to the Christian church are apparent in his writings, commentaries and translation of the bible along side his defense of the validity of the holy bible. As a result of the general mistakes in the...
tracking img