Chapter 16 vocabulary:
1. Protestant reformation: the 16th century schism within western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other Protestants. 2. Catholic counter-reformation: the period of catholic revival beginning with the Council of Trent and ending at the close of the Thirty Years War, which is sometimes considered a response to the protestant reformation. 3. Taki Ongoy: a conceptual work that recalls Taki Unquy, the political milenarist movement against the invasion of the Spanish culture in South America. 4. Jesuits in China: part of the history of relations between China and the Western World. 5. Wahhabi Islam: A conservative branch of Sunni Islam.
6. Wang Yangmin: A Ming Chinese idealist Neo-Confucian philosopher, official, educationist, calligraphist, and general. 7. Kaozheng: Scholars in Beijing and the rich cities of Yangtze delta from politics to the study of texts. 8. Mirabai: An aristocratic Hindu mystical singer and devotee of lord Krishna from Rajasthan and one of the most significant figures of the Sant tradition of the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. 9. Sikhism: A monotheistic religion founded during the 15th century in the Punjab region, by Guru Nanak Dev which continued to progress with ten successive Sikh gurus. 10. Copernicus: A renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology, which placed the Earth in the center of the universe. 11. Newton: an English physicist, astronomer, mathematician, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian, who is considered by many the greatest and most influential scientist that ever lived. 12. European Enlightenment: a cultural movement of intellectuals in the 17th and 18th centuries, first in Europe and later in the American colonies. 13. Voltaire: a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties,...