Changing Gender Roles of Men and Women in Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is a country of approximately 23 million which, after three years of severe drought, 23 years of war and devastation and five years under the Taliban authorities, has been left as one of the poorest countries in the world”

Afghanistan is populated mostly by a Muslim community with the economic, social, political, standard of living of men and women are very different in structure. In most of the families men are the sole bread winners and women do the house work and child rearing. As the country was under Taliban regime the women were not given equal opportunity in life under the strict rule of the militant party. The impact of gender discrimination made Afghanistan one of the poorest countries in the world.

“Afghanistan has the second highest maternal mortality rate in the world. Even before the Taliban came to power, Afghanistan had high maternal and child mortality rates and a very low literacy rate for women. But women participated economically, socially and politically in the life of their societies. Women helped to draft the 1964 Constitution. In the 1970s, there were at least three women legislators in the Parliament. Up to the early 1990s, women were teachers, government workers and medical doctors. They worked as professors, lawyers, judges, journalists, writers and poets.”

The country has the second largest amount of child deaths in the world. As it has been a poor nation the basic medical needs can be a rarity. Afghanistan in the past had lesser role division between both genders the women took part in every aspect of life. However, Afghanistan has gone from been a balanced society to a male dominated one as the years passed by. Women was not seen as a sex object as in recent times. In the past they contributed immensely to the development of the nation by holding high ranks in the government sector been involved in education, health care, politics, and even working as lawyers and judges.

After Taliban came to power the...
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