One would consider behaviour to be challenging when an individual displays characteristics verbally or physically that is inappropriate for the environment or situation regardless of their age or level of physical or cognitive development. For example whether the person is classed as able bodied or disabled in some way, and if the person themselves or others around them are at risk of some sort of stress or quality of their day to day living which in turn could affect their ability to progress, learn and develop further in all aspects of life. If the behaviour is perceived as extremely challenging then the intensity, frequency and duration would be taken into account as well as risk assessment for their physical safety and that of the individuals around them for example family, support workers etc. Some forms for example, inappropriateness could be over familiarity, being manipulative or too physically close for comfort also the use of certain language and if the level of noise is too loud or unbearable. Dangerous behaviour would be classed as verbal and physical threats possible shouting, screaming and the use of weapons like knives, hammer, guns and devices used to inflict some sort of torture. Also exclusiveness for example attention seeking, refusing to participate or speak, not keeping appointments etc. Stressful situations are when people are crying, shouting, ignoring, arguing, refusing to speak also talking over someone or interrupting most of the time and physically demonstrating aggressive behaviour. Emerson states (1998) ‘Understanding behaviour is the first step to recognition that all people, regardless of disability, have the right to be included in the structure of mainstream society’. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES
John liked to have all his things in one place and in some sort of order he would get very upset if they were disturbed and moved out of place, he could also get frustrated when he had the task of...
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