Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. Poverty in Pakistan-Challenges
Poverty is one of the major social problems Pakistan is facing. It is one of the most important and sensitive issue not only for our self but for the whole world. Poverty can cause other social problems like theft, bribe, corruption, adultery, lawlessness, injustice. To eradicate the evils of society we have to fight with poverty. We can't control theft by enrolling thousands of police men. Corruption and injustice can't come to an end through tight legislation but by demolishing poverty.
A low level of domestic income for an individual results in lack of access to education, health care, and other communal facilities like lake of sanitation, transportation and communication.
Poverty is not just about providing food,
clothing, & shelter. There are a lot more
indicators that are needed to improve
poverty such as education, stable
employment with decent wages, health
care, law and order security, minimum
housing standards, & decent recreation
environment all these factors when
combined could have a dramatic affect on
reducing poverty in Pakistan.
Poverty Rate in Pakistan
Poverty in Pakistan is a growing concern. Poverty rate jumped from 23.9% to 37.5% in three years after severe economic shocks hit Pakistan last year. Although the middle-class has grown in Pakistan to 35 million, nearly one-quarter of the population is classified poor as of October 2006. As of 2008, 17.2% of the total population lives below the poverty line, which is the lowest figure in the history of Pakistan. According to the recent data compiled by the United Nations, Pakistan’s Human Development Index stands at 0.56. It is pretty close to Bangladesh, Yemen, and Nepal. It ranks 139 out of 179 countries reported in this analysis.
To eradicate poverty in Pakistan we have to fight with the causes and factors of poverty. Unless the causes and factors of poverty will be settled the poverty will never end. 2
Causes of Poverty in Pakistan
Pakistan is a poor country. Its economy is facing fluctuations now a day. At the time of independence Pakistan has very low resources and capital, so the processes of progress were very slow. Unfortunately the politicians of Pakistan were all not well aware of modern global system and the progress processes and the needs of country. Due to bad policies today Pakistan is facing a lot of problems. The continuous failure of policies leads the people of country to miserable conditions.
It is difficult to point out all causes of poverty in Pakistan but the major causes of are given below:
· Government Policies
· Government extra expenses and Corruption
· Population, Unemployment and Lack of Education
· Inflation, Smuggling and Large scale Imports
· Law and Order situation and Decline in Foreign investment · Increasing Defense expenditure & Race of Weapons in the Region · Role of West and IMF
Our discussion is basically focused on these root causes of poverty. Now let’s have a look on these causes separately given ahead.
1. Government Bad Policies
Government is not well aware of present conditions of country. The policies of government are base on the suggestions of officials which do not have awareness about the problems of a common man. After implementation the policies do not get effective result. After the failure of one policy, government does not consider its failure and announces another policy without studying the aftermaths of last one. Heavy taxes and unemployment crushes the people and they are forced to live below poverty line. The suitable medical facilities are not provided to people and they are forced to get treatment for private clinics which are too costly.
We have collected some bad policies of Pakistani Government which are given below. Pakistan’s Gold and Copper reserves sold in...