March 12, 2013
Through the years there have been many religious reforms. Some reforms had more consequences than others, but the Catholic Reformation was one of the biggest. The Catholic-Counter Reformation was a fighting force that did not start with a huge bang, even though the reform started slow, it eventually began to gain heed; the Reformation was a fire back at the Protestants. The Catholic-Counter Reformation was the period of revival for the Catholic Church in the 16th Century (Pollen, John). The Reformation began because many educated Catholics felt the need for change. Most of the feelings to make advancements began during to Renaissance Era. During this time, people began to question what was considered “normal” or not. People also began to want a more emotional and touching religion. At this time the Catholic Church did not transition and eventually became dated (Trueman, Chris, Catholic). Martin Luther initially began leading the Catholic Reformation, until he became a Protestant. But, the initial driving force behind the start of the Reformation was Ignatius Loyola (Kreis, Steve). “Ignatius Loyola was… a Spanish reformer who sought to create a new religious order… he fused the best of the humanist tradition of the Renaissance with reformed Catholicism, he hoped this would appeal to powerful economics and political groups…” (Kreis). Loyola’s drive led to the creation of the Society or Brotherhood of Jesuits, in 1534; this group was essentially the backbone of the Catholic-Counter Reform (Kreis). “All Jesuits swore an oath of poverty, chastity, and obedience to the pope.” (Trueman, Jesuits). Jesuits came from many different backgrounds, such as Peter Canisius. Peter was a Dutch Jesuit who founded many Jesuit Colleges in and around Germany. The Catholic Reformation depended on many individuals such as Peter (Trueman, Catholic). “Cardinal Ximenes from Spain tightened...