This research is a case study of an organization named “Bal Kalyan Sanstha, Pune”. Bal Kalyan Sanstha is a non-profit organization which mainly aims at providing recreational and cultural facilities to the differently-abled children in the state of Maharashtra. The purpose behind this case study is that the researcher wants to explore the recreational, cultural and welfare activities of this institution to all people. This chapter reveals the need and importance of recreational and cultural activities in the lives of disabled students (DS). It also discusses about rights of disabled children and various programmes undertaken by government for the welfare of the disabled. 1.2 DISABILITY AND RECREATION
Disability is any physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses or activities. The term disability is conventionally used to refer to attributes that are severe enough to interfere with, or prevent, normal day-to-day activities. There are 600 million disabled people in the world and in the past very few recreational activities were available to them.
Recreation is an essential part of human life and finds many different forms which are shaped naturally by individual interests but also by the surrounding social construction. Sport for persons with disabilities is not a new concept, but its full potential as a powerful, low-cost means to foster greater inclusion and well-being for persons with disabilities (PWD) is only beginning to be realized. Activities such as swimming, dance, music and sports aid in not only the mental and physical health of a disabled child, they also help in the development of self-confidence and boost morale. Disabled children, just like the rest of us, need the thrill and enjoyment that recreational activities can provide. They are equally entitled to an exciting and brilliant future. 1.3 IMPORTANCE OF RECREATION
Recreation is about engaging in delightful activities that bring in glee. It is very important to understand the necessity of recreation and giving some time for it. Recreation is like a rain shower during the days of scorching heat. It is like a ray of moonlight in the dreadful darkness. Recreation is moreover the time to get together to have fun. Devoting some time for recreation on a daily basis helps in the long run in maintaining health and achieving a peace of mind. Participate in some regular physical activity, play a sport or exercise and feel a difference. These recreational activities serve as a means of relaxation.
Research has shown that recreation on a daily basis reduces risks of diseases like diabetes and hypertension, enhances physical and mental health and improves the quality of life.
Recreation is of two types. Active recreation is about engaging in adventure sports or outdoor games while passive recreation involves activities such as taking a walk on the riverside, walking on the beach, strolling in parks or taking nature walks. Both kinds of recreation have their own set of advantages. They create a positive mood, lighten your spirit and help you gain your mental peace.
Recreational activities are widely popular across the globe. Some enjoy touring to beautiful places around the world while others take interest in pursuing their hobbies as a means of recreation. Be it of any sort, recreation needs to be made a vital component of the fast life of the present times.
1.4 RIGHT TO RECREATION AND LEISURE FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITY
Recreation and leisure are spheres of activity from which people with disabilities have often been excluded for reasons of dysfunction and perceived inability. Disability rights advocates that people with disabilities have the same rights as non-disabled people, which include the right to positive recreation experiences. To begin to translate this thinking into policy requires, at least, the adoption of inclusive recreation...