Case Study Assignment
November 16, 2012
Teachers conduct their classes in different ways. Each use different strategies and tactics in order to better their students’ learning. They adjust to the different learning styles of the students in their classrooms in hopes of engaging their students fully. The film Stand and Deliver, tells the story of how a teacher, Jamie Escalante, transforms his class from delinquents into AP calculus students. The case, “Sandy’s Kindergarten Class,” describes Sandy’s different stations that she had set up to help her students develop different abilities. The case, “Processing Mathematical Information,” speaks about Mr. Dumphy’s strategies for teaching basic addition and subtraction to his third grade class in hopes of catching them up in curriculum and getting to multiplication and division. A. Video – Stand and Deliver
1. Scene - The very first scene of the movie takes place in a classroom. The students are not very well behaved and the teacher clearly has zero control over them. Out of nowhere, a bell rings. The students take this as their excuse to leave class. From what they know, when they hear a bell ring, they get to leave. Unfortunately, the class was not over, and the students had to return to the room. This can be related to Ivan Pavlov’s behaviorism theory, called classical conditioning, which is “a form of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elect a similar response” (Santrock, G-1). 2. Scene – There was a scene where the teacher, Jamie Escalante, asks the class a question. He called on a few different people for the answer. Each student responded with the same answer, though Mr. Escalante said it was incorrect. This can relate to Vliet 2
Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory, which is “that social and cognitive factors, as well as behavior, play important roles in learning” (Santrock, G-8). 3. Scene – There was a scene where Jamie Escalante was teaching a night class for adults. They had to repeat words after the teacher and memorize and learn phrases. This relates to the theory of information processing, which is “a cognitive approach in which people manipulate information, monitor it and strategize about it” (Santrock, G-5). 4. Scene – Jaime Escalante’s class takes the AP Calculus test. During this scene, you watch each student strategize and solve mathematical problems. This scene is an example of problem solving or transfer, which is simply “finding an appropriate way to attain a goal” (Santrock, G-7). 5. Scene - Jamie Escalante is teaching his class about percentages. He uses an object an apple, in order to make his points more understandable. He splits the apple into different percentages, and hands them out to different classmates asking them what percent of the apple they are holding. This is an example of Vygotsky’s social constructivism, which is an “approach that emphasizes the social contexts of learning and the idea that knowledge is mutually built and constructed” (Santrock, G-8). 6. Scene – This scene the students are attending school during the summertime. At first, the students complain and whine, because they are in an uncomfortably hot and humid classroom, and they could be outside enjoying the weather. Then, they remembered why they were there and that it was their decision. They began to open their minds and learn calculus. The transition they had made proved that they are in Vliet 3
the formal operational stage of Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development. This stage is when “the adolescent reasons in more abstract, idealistic and logical ways” (Santrock, 41). 7. Scene - After the first AP exam results were in, the testing people began to think that these students cheated because they all passed with the same answers correct and wrong. Jamie Escalante goes and speaks to the people who issued the test and...