Education needs to be employment oriented. It is for developing certain skills useful for securing gainful employment. People go for the school and college education and prepare for their occupation. Very few people stick to the same job throughout their life. Most of them switch job either within the organization or in the some other organization. Chances are they change to jobs, depending on available opportunity, several times before retirement. Where opportunity is restricted, they continue with the same job. Career stages become applicable to such employees who are competent, competitive, aggressive and career-minded. DONALD E. SUPPER has suggested five stages (also called career development cycle or career cycle) through which individuals go. These stages:
1. Exploration stage.
2. Establishment stage.
3. Mid-Career stage.
4. Late Career stage.
5. Decline stage.
Brief details of these stages are given below:
1. Exploration stage:
Almost all candidates who start working after college education start around mid- twenties. Many a time they are not sure about future prospects but take up a job in anticipation of raising higher up in the career graph later. From the point of view of the organization, this stage is of no relevance because it happens prior to the employment. Some candidates who come from better economic background can wait and select a career of their choice under expert guidance from parents and well-wishers.
2. Establishment stage:
This career stage begins with the candidates getting the first job. Getting hold of the right job is not an easy task. Candidates are likely to commit mistake and learn from their mistakes. Slowly and gradually they become responsible towards the job. Ambitious candidates will keep looking for more lucrative and challenging jobs elsewhere. This may either... [continues]
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