Carbon Nanotube

Topics: Carbon nanotube, Carbon, Graphite Pages: 11 (2897 words) Published: November 18, 2013

TERM PAPER
OF
CHEMISTRY

TOPIC: CARBON NANOTUBE
Submitted to Submit by: Mr. Balwant Singh Bhist Mr.Shailja Kant yadav Deptt. Of CHEMISTRYRoll. No. : - A02 Sec: - RC5911 REG NO.:-10905256

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I take this opportunity to present my vote of thanks to all those guidepost who really acted as lightening pillars to enlighten our way throughout this project that has led to successful and satisfactory completion of this study. I would express my sincere gratitude to my parents for trusting and investing in me and my future and providing for all my needs and requirements.

I also express my deep sense of gratitude to my teacher, Mr. Balwant Singh Bhist – Department of Chemistry, Lovely Professional University for her constant guidance and kind support throughout this project. I am heartily thankful to my friends Anil Choudhary, Pratik Anand, Suresh Hembrom for helping me with their thoughtful and creative ideas and supporting me at every hour of need. Lastly a sincere thanks to all other people about whom I have not mentioned here but who were involved in any which way with this term paper. ABSTRACT

Carbon nanofibers and nanotubes are promising to revolutionise several fields in material science and are a major component of nanotechnology. Further market development will depend on material availability at reasonable prices. Nanotubes have a wide range of unexplored potential applications in various technological areas such as aerospace, energy, automobile, medicine, or chemical industry, in which they can be used as gas adsorbents, templates, actuators, composite reinforcements, catalyst supports, probes, chemical sensors, nanopipes, nano-reactors etc. In this paper, recent research on carbon nanotube composites are reviewed. The interfacial bonding properties, mechanical performance, electrical percolation of nanotube/polymer and ceramic are also reviewed.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction…………………………………………………………………….....5 1. History of carbon nanotubes……………………………………….……………..6 2. Synthesis of CN…………………………………………………………………..6 3. Arc-discharge……………………………………………………………………..6 4. Laser-ablation……………………………………………………………………..7 5. Chemical vapour deposition (CVD)……………………………………………....8 6. The sol–gel………………………………………………………………………..9 7. Gas phase metal catalyst…………………………………………………………..9 8. Recent trends in the synthesis of CNTs……………………………………….....10 9. Properties of CNTs……………………………………………………………....11 a) Electrical properties………………………………………………………11 b) Mechanical properties…………………………………………………….11 c) Thermal properties………………………………………………………..12 10. Carbon nanotubes composites…………………………………………………….12 a) Polymer matrix composite…………………………………………………12 b) Ceramic matrix…………………………………………………………….13 11. Uses of carbon nanotube…………………………………………….....14 a) Carbon nanotubes in photovoltaics………………………………………..14 b) Carbon nanotubes in medicine………………………………………….....14 c) Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes…………………………………………..15 d) Carbon nanotube actuators………………………………………………....16

Reference……………………………………………………………………….…..16

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1: Single wall carbon...
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