Caimito Leaves

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  • Topic: Chrysophyllum cainito, Antioxidant, Fruit
  • Pages : 2 (436 words )
  • Download(s) : 3050
  • Published : May 1, 2011
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Kaymito (chrisophyllum cainito) is a common angiosperm in tropical countries. This fruit-bearing tree has leathery oblong leaves that are dark green and glossy on the upper surface and golden brown on the underside, its fleshy fruits are among the favorites. It has numerous common names including cainito, caimito, star apple, golden leaf tree, abiaba, pomme du lait, estrella, milk fruit and aguay. It is also known by the synonym Achras cainito.

Leaves of caimito are traditionally applied in the Philippines as a remedy for diarrhea. Decoction of caimito leaves is a superior medicine for diarrhea, with the following dosage: 1 cup for adults; 1 tablespoon for infants; ¼ cup for 2-6 yrs baby; ½ cup for 7-12 yrs baby. Decoction of it leaves for 15 minutes is as well applied as a remedy for stomatitis by using it as a gargle. Decoction of bark is also used to heal dysentery. Some countries employed decoction of leaf for cancer medication. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple oval, entire, 5–15 cm long; the underside shines with a golden color when seen from a distance. The tiny flowers are purplish white and have a sweet fragrant smell. The tree is also hermaphroditic (self-fertile).

It has round, purple-skinned fruit that is often green around the calyx, with a star pattern in the pulp. Sometimes there is a greenish-white variety of the fruit. The skin is rich in latex, and both it and the rind are not edible. The flattened seeds are light brown and hard. It bears fruit year around after it reaches about seven years of age.

Freshly-plucked Caimitos
The fruits are delicious as a fresh dessert fruit; it is sweet and best served chilled. Infusions of the leaves have been used against diabetes and articular rheumatism. The fruit has anti-oxidant properties.[1],[2] The bark is considered a tonic and stimulant, and a bark decoction is used as an antitussive. The fruit also exist in two colors, dark purple and greenish brown. The purple fruit has a denser...
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