The structure of the organization alone is not sufficient for the efficiency of the organization, the manpower of the organization employed in that structure also have an equally important part to play. In the absence of efficient and specialized personnel, even the effective structure power is a failure. Therefore public administration places a great deal of importance to the study of personnel management. There are different types of personnel systems being practiced by different countries around the world. Two of which are: * Bureaucratic system of personnel
* Democratic system of personnel
BUREAUCRATIC SYSTEM OF PERSONNEL
“A personnel system where a body of public servants are organized in a hierarchical system which stands outside the sphere of public control.”
DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM OF PERSONNEL
“A personnel system where no one man has any more intrinsic right to official station than other.”
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BETWEEN BUREAUCRATIC AND DEMOCRATIC
The main feature of this system is that the officials are servants of the ruler in the fullest sense of the term. They are responsible to him and him alone. It is through them that the ruler exercises his autocratic powers and they, being the agents of the ruler, in their turn, wield high authority over the people and are, as a rule deaf to public opinion.
There is no class division in the services. An employee may begin in the lowest grade of the public service and may progress to the top of the service. In every service methods of objective tests, like efficiency ratings and rating scales, have been established and promotions are based upon these records there being absolutely no restriction on promotions from one class to another.
While comparing the above contrasting feature of both the systems it became quite evident that in Bureaucratic system the officials major concern is to be in accordance...