Equity brokerage industry in India is experiencing rapid growth and diversity. Following the wide range of stock market reforms in the early 2000’s, brokerage industry underwent major transformations from being engaged in only brokerage business to offering a wide range of financial services. A modern broking house in India may well be a corporate entity that offers a wide range of products, relies on research for advice, uses modern technology, has large distribution network connecting the country, provides investor education and awareness and is compliance focused. These developments have resulted in a huge spurt in business as also growing market share of the large sized brokerage houses that led to surge in enterprise value, thus becoming objects of interest for global investing. With the stock market momentum likely to continue, broking firms could look forward to scaling up their resource mobilization to fund growing operations and expansion. Brokerages mopping up huge resources from the market are not unusual even in the emerging markets.| |
Indian broking houses could look forward to a period of growth and consolidation. India’s economic growth and deepening of the financial system will present the broking firms with numerous opportunities for growth and expansion. Integration of the financial markets will enhance the scope of their business and scalability. Access to public equity markets will enable them to raise resources to fund expansion and growths as also pursue useful business acquisitions. Growing international investor interest in India will add newer opportunities to scale up the business as also harmonsing with global standard and practices. Introduction of new products such as mini contracts in the derivatives and other futures and options products will add new opportunities for creating new business segments.| |
While opportunities abound, there is a great need for reform and restructuring of the equity broking industry. There are about 9,000 brokers registered with SEBI but 80 percent of the turnover in NSE and BSE is accounted for by about 100 brokers. Consolidation thus becomes relevant to forge a stronger industry. Similarly, capital levels too need to be strengthened. The 45 odd listed broking firms in India together have a meager Rs 3.5 bn of capital, which is far less than what one top broking firm in China could raise from the capital markets. Better performance and practices will enable broking firms to increase capital levels that will be essential for funding expansion.| |
Skill sets and compliance norms are the key to the sustainable growth of the industry. The Securities and Exchange Board of India promoted National Institute of Securities Management, which is mandated to launch extensive certifications and examinations to the broking industry professionals to equip them with required skill sets and expertise. It becomes important for the broking industry to actively support such national endeavors that would enhance the quality of the markets.| |
Investor education and awareness is another aspect broking industry should promote in the long term interest of the market. As the product mix and risk matrix in financial markets is continuously changing, it becomes imperative for the intermediaries to educate and create awareness in the clients that would be mutually beneficial. Better understanding of the financial products and associated risks by the investors will be in the interest of the growth and stability of the markets.| |
The Indian broking industry is coming of age. It has enormous opportunities for growth and diversity. As markets expand and get globalised, these firms will have increased opportunity to cater to a large and diverse range of clientele with a wide mix of products and services. Expanding markets offer enhanced opportunities. Those who are well prepared will be in...