Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917–2005), a developmental theorist, proposes development does not occur in a vacuum, but may take several different paths depending on the environmental framework in which it occurs. Understanding the numerous factors that influence human development is the key to knowing oneself and contributing optimally in helping activities with others. Important aspects of human development can be understood within the context of a system of relationships and corresponding environmental influences. Bronfenbrenner proposed the ecological systems theory to help explain the manner in which the relationships among environmental variables influence developmental behavior (Crandell, Crandell, & Vander Zanden, 2012). This paper will attempt to analyze Bronfenbrenner's theory of development. It will also look at how his levels of influence helped to shape my development and discuss how this theory has influenced me as far as making decisions about my education and career. Brofenbrenner Analysis
Urie Bronfenbrenner was generally regarded as one of the world's leading scholars in the field of developmental psychology. His ecological systems theory holds that development mirrors the influence of several environmental systems, and it categorizes five environmental systems with which an individual interacts; Microsystem, Mesosystem, Exosystem, Macrosystem, and Chronosystem. Microsystem: Refers to the institutions and groups that most immediately and directly impact the child's development including: family, school, religious institutions, neighborhood, and peers. Mesosystem: Refers to relations between microsystems or connections between contexts. Examples are the relation of family experiences to school experiences, school experiences to church experiences, and family experiences to peer experiences. For example, children whose parents have rejected them may have difficulty developing positive relations with teachers. Exosystem: Involves links between a...
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