1.Name the four essential needs every child must have to thrive developmentally. Give an example of each need. (12 points) 1. Psychoanalytic and Psychosocial Theory-Child behavior and development is governed by unconscious processes -- mainly social and emotional development. 2.Cognitive-Developmental Theory-Constructivism believes that children learn and develop through actively exploring their environment. 3.Behaviorism and Social-Learning Theory-Development is based upon learned behaviors which are based upon a child's interactions with their environment and influenced by positive or negative reinforcement.
4.Bio-ecological Theory- Urie Bronfenbrenner felt that environment shaped children's development and occurs on multiple layers -- through the bio-ecological model How are the essential needs related? Give a detailed example. (2 points)
2.Choose which theorist/ theory from the list below describes the child’s development in the scenario. Only one theory per scenario. You will use each theory only once.(14 points total) Scenarios
___B.__ An infant has developed a strong attachment to his care giver and cries when she leaves a the end of the day. ____C._ A one year old takes her first steps after pulling up and standing on the shelf.
___C.__ A two year old picks up a wooden block and pretends it is a telephone.
___c.__ To encourage her son to tie his own shoes, she shows him step by step and then watches and coaches to help him succeed.
___b.__ An infant cries each night and her parents come into her room to comfort her.
__e.___ A child is delayed in his development but is able to attend a community preschool...