Connecting the Dots: Understanding the Theories and Theorists Directions: Refer to Chapter 1 in Developmental Profiles and to the lecture notes for more information on all the theories of child development. The points possible for each question are listed next to each question. (30 points total)
Name the four essential needs every child must have to thrive developmentally. Give an example of each need. (12 points) 1. Psychoanalytic and Psychosocial Theory-Child behavior and development is governed by unconscious processes -- mainly social and emotional development. 2.Cognitive-Developmental Theory-Constructivism believes that children learn and develop through actively exploring their environment. 3.Behaviorism and Social-Learning Theory-Development is based upon learned behaviors which are based upon a child's interactions with their environment and influenced by positive or negative reinforcement.
4.Bio-ecological Theory- Urie Bronfenbrenner felt that environment shaped children's development and occurs on multiple layers -- through the bio-ecological model How are the essential needs related? Give a detailed example. (2 points)
Choose which theorist/ theory from the list below describes the child’s development in the scenario. Only one theory per scenario. You will use each theory only once.(14 points total) Scenarios
___B.__ An infant has developed a strong attachment to his care giver and cries when she leaves a the end of the day. ____C._ A one year old takes her first steps after pulling up and standing on the shelf.
___C.__ A two year old picks up a wooden block and pretends it is a telephone.
___c.__ To encourage her son to tie his own shoes, she shows him step by step and then watches and coaches to help him succeed.
___b.__ An infant cries each night and her parents come into her room to comfort her.
__e.___ A child is delayed in his development but is able to attend a community preschool...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document