Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model

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Angela Addington
CHDV B42 Child, Family, and Community
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model

Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory of development is relevant to state of all our lives. His research shows how our development is affected by the environment we are in. This is explained to us in five different parts. Urie Bronfenbrenner proposes an ecological theory that centers on the relationship between the developing individual and the changing environmental systems. This theory is broken down into a model of five different relationships of development. He suggests that the environment has an effect on the behavior and how it is expressed. The model that Bronfenbrenner breaks down five systems called the microystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosytem. Microsystems is the setting in which the individual lives. These contexts include the person's family, peers, school, and neighborhood. It is in the micro system that the most direct interactions with social agents take place; with parents, peers, and teachers, for example. The individual is not a passive recipient of experiences in these settings, but someone who helps to construct the settings. Microsystems in my life consist of my teachers and peers that I regularly interact with at Bakersfield College. My immediate family consisting of my mother, my one brother, and my grandparents is another part of Microsystems in my life. Also a part of my micro system includes the priest of our parish because we have direct contact on a regular basis. My neighbors are also part of this system because of the frequent interaction between us. Mesosytems explores the interrelationships of the developing person. This part of Brofenbrenner’s model deals with how the person develops consciously and unconsciously deals with a situation. For example, children whose parents have rejected them may have difficulty developing positive relations with teachers. Mesosystems in my life consist of Bakersfield...
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