A project on
British History ant Civilization
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE COMMONWEALTH4
1.1. A HISTORY4
1.2. THE MODERN COMMONWEALTH6
2.1. SOME HISTORICAL FACTS8
2.6. OTHER INFORMATION14
The title of the paper shows the objective of it: to present one of the members of British Commonwealth: Bangladesh. So, I will try to emphasize on some of the important facts about whole British Commonwealth in order to get acquainted with essential information about mentioned institution. Then I will introduce to the essential information about the mentioned member of Commonwealth. In part one the tasks would be set in order to:
• describe the history of the Commonwealth,
• explain of the structure of the mentioned organization, • outline the modern view of it.
In the second part I will:
• introduce to the history and geography of Bangladesh, • describe its society, political and economic situation, • find out some useful information about life in Bangladesh. The paper will introduce readers with only one country of whole Commonwealth, but they should realize that 54 independent states are working together in the common interests of their citizens for development, democracy and peace.
1. INTRODUCTION TO THE ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE COMMONWEALTH
1.1. A HISTORY
The origins (with roots as far back as the 1870s) of the Commonwealth stretch back much further than 60 years. In 1867, Canada became the first colony to be transformed into a self-governing 'Dominion', a newly constituted status that implied equality with Britain. The empire was gradually changing and Lord Rosebury, a British politician, described it in Australia in 1884 as a "Commonwealth of Nations". Other parts of the empire became Dominions too: Australia (1901), New Zealand (1907), South Africa (1910) and the Irish Free State (1922). All except the Irish Free State (that did not exist at the time) participated as separate entities in the First World War and were separate signatories to the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Subsequently, they became members of the League of Nations. After the end of the First World War, the Dominions began seeking a new constitutional definition and reshaping their relationship with Britain. At the Imperial Conference in 1926, the prime ministers of the participating countries adopted the Balfour Report which defined the Dominions as autonomous communities within the British Empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate to one another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations. This definition was incorporated into British law in 1931 as the Statute of Westminster. It was adopted immediately in Canada, the Irish Free State, Newfoundland (which joined Canada in 1949) and South Africa. Australia and New Zealand followed. India, Britain's largest colony at the time, became a Dominion at independence in 1947 and remained so until January 1950, when the Indian Republic was born. 1949 marks the pivotal point at which the Commonwealth's colonial legacy was transformed positively into a partnership based on equality, choice and consensus. 26 April 2009 marked the 60th anniversary of the London Declaration, which brought the modern Commonwealth into being.
Prior to this, the Balfour Declaration of 1926 had established all member countries as 'equal in status to one another, in no way subordinate one to another', and this was in turn adopted into law with the 1931 Statute of Westminster.
However, it was India’s desire to adopt a republican form of constitution while simultaneously...