Boko Haram "The Nigerian Plague"

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Boko Haram
Boko Haram
People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad جماعة أهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد
Participant in the Nigerian Sharia conflict

Active2001–
IdeologySharia law
Islamic fundamentalism

LeadersMohammed Yusuf †
Abubakar Shekau[1]
Mallam Sanni Umaru Abu Zaid – spokesman[3]

HeadquartersKanamma, Nigeria

Area of
operationsNorthern Nigeria

OpponentsNigerian State

Battles/warsNigerian Sharia conflict
2009 Nigerian sectarian violence

Nigerian Sharia conflict

1953 Kano riot
Warri Crisis
2000 Abuja riots
2001 Jos riots
Yelwa massacre
2008 Jos riots
July 2009 clashes
2010 Jos riots
Bauchi prison break
Dec 2010 Abuja bombing
May 2011 bombings
Abuja Police HQ bombing
Abuja UN bombing
Nov 2011 Damaturu attacks
Dec 2011 Damaturu clashes
Christmas Day bombings
Jan 2012 attacks
Easter Day bombings
Jun 2012 bombings
Deeper Life Church shooting
Dec 2012 shootings

People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet's Teachings and Jihad (Arabic: جماعة اهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد Jamā'atu Ahlis Sunnah Lādda'awatih wal-Jihad), better known by its Hausa name Boko Haram (Hausa: lit. "Western education is sinful"), is a jihadist militant organisation based in the northeast of Nigeria. It is an Islamist movement which strongly opposes man-made laws and modern science. Founded by Mohammed Yusuf in 2001, the organisation seeks to establish sharia law in the country. The group is also known for attacking Christians and bombing churches. The movement is divided into three factions. In 2011, Boko Haram was responsible for at least 450 killings in Nigeria. It was also reported that they had been responsible for over 620 deaths over the first 6 months of 2012. Since its founding in 2001, the jihadists have been responsible for between 3,000 to 10,000 deaths. The group became known internationally following sectarian violence in Nigeria in July 2009, which left over 1000 people dead. They do not have a clear structure or evident chain of command. Moreover, it is still a matter of debate whether Boko Haram has links to terror outfits outside Nigeria and its fighters have frequently clashed with Nigeria's central government. A US commander stated that Boko Haram is likely linked to AQIM (al-Qaeda in Islamic Maghreb)., although professor Paul Lubeck points out that no evidence is presented for any claims of material international support.

Etymology
The group has adopted its official name to be The Group of Al-Sunna For Preaching and Jihad, which is the English translation of Jama'atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda'awati wal-Jihad (جماعة أهل السنة للدعوة والجهاد). In the town of Maiduguri, where the group was formed, the residents dubbed it Boko Haram. The term "Boko Haram" comes from the Hausa word boko meaning "western education" and the Arabic word haram figuratively meaning "sin" (literally, "forbidden"). The name, loosely translated from Hausa, means "western education is forbidden". The group earned this name due to its strong opposition to anything Western, which it sees as corrupting Muslims. However, this interpretation of the group's name is disputed, and locals who speak the Hausa language are unsure what it means. Ideology

Boko Haram was founded as an indigenous Salafist group, turning itself into a Salafist Jihadist group in 2009. It proposes that interaction with the Western World is forbidden, and also supports opposition to the Musl\im establishment and the government of Nigeria. The group publicly extols its ideology despite the fact that its founder and former leader Muhammad Yusuf was himself a highly educated man who lived a lavish life and drove a Mercedes Benz. The members of the group do not interact with the local Muslim population and have carried out assassinations in the past of any one who criticises it, including Muslim clerics. In a 2009 BBC interview, Muhammad Yusuf, then leader of the...
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