Bluebook Citations

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NOTES RE BLUEBOOK CITATIONS

General Case Citation:

A general case citation is as follows:

Tom Reed Gold Mines Co. v. United E. Mining Co., 39 Ariz. 533 (1932).

An example of a parallel citation:

Kortus v. Jensen, 195 Neb. 261, 237 N.W.2d 845 (1976).

FEDERAL CASES:

U.S. Supreme Court: Cite to U.S. If it's not yet published there, cite to S. Ct., L. Ed., U.S.L.W., or LEXIS, in that order of preference. Do not include parallel cites:

– Smith & Jones, Inc. v. Couch, 401 U.S. 313 (1985).

U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal: Cite to F., F.2d, or F.3d. Note no space between the F. and the number. Include the circuit in the cite:

– Davis v. Everett, 102 F.2d 24 (9th Cir. 1954).

U.S. District Courts: Cite to F. Supp. Note the space between the F. and the Supp. Include the district in the cite:

– Flanders v. Glissandi, 913 F. Supp. 885 (C.D. Cal. 1996).

STATE CASES:

Cite to the regional reporter. Include the court in the cite:

Hoyt, Inc. v. Irving-Johnson Corp., 425 P.2d 976 (Cal. App. 1976).

Kearney v. Lovejoy, 777 P.2d 1024 (Cal. 1993).

Tatman v. Cordingly, 672 P.2d 1286 (Wyo. 1983).

If the case is ONLY appears in LEXIS:

Vaughn v. Wilson, No. 95-124, 1995 U.S. Sup. Ct. LEXIS 3255, at *16 (1995).

Statutes:

Federal Statutes: Cite to U.S.C. or U.S.C.A.
– 12 U.S.C. § 1986 (West 1996).
– 12 U.S.C.A. § 1986 (1996).

State Statutes: The form varies by state.
– Cal. Pen. Code § 187 (West 1989).
– Neb. Stat. Ann. § 212-414(b) (West 1990).
– A.R.S. § 1-101 (2005).

Constitutions:

Federal:

U.S. Const. amend. XX
U.S. Const. art. I, § 2, cl. 3

State:

Cal. Const. art. XIV

Secondary Sources:

Books: John Knight, A Jury of Twelve, 225 (1st. ed. 2001).

Periodicals: Mary A. Jones, The Best of Trial Briefs, 28 Neb. L. Rev. 102 (2006).

Encyclopedias: 16 C.J.S. Evidence § 12 (1996).

Dictionaries: Black's Law Dictionary, 826 (7th ed. 1998).

Annotations: Tom McCannon, Annotation,...
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