DOCUMENTORY REPORT AND PRESENTATION
Bioterrorism and Its Impacts
Seminar on Contemporary Issues in Management
Module: - 3
INDUKAKA IPCOWALA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT (I2IM)
Constituent of Charotar University of Science and Technology
ROLL. NO. 09/ MBA/22
I, SWETANG R PANCHAL hereby declare that the DOCUMENTARY REPORT OF ‘SEMINAR ON CONTEMPORY ISSUES IN MANAGEMENT’ titled “BIOTERRORISM” is a result of my own work and my indebtedness to other work publications, if any, have been duly acknowledged.
Date: 09-12-2009SWETANG PANCHAL
Bioterrorism refers to the intentional release of toxic biological agents to harm and terrorize civilians, in the name of a political or other cause.
A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. These agents are typically found in nature, but it is possible that they could be changed to increase their ability to cause disease, make them resistant to current medicines, or to increase their ability to be spread into the environment. Biological agents can be spread through the air, through water, or in food.
The history of bioterrorism goes back as far as human warfare, in which there have always been efforts to use germs and disease as weapons. In the late 20th century, violent non-state actors began seeking to acquire or develop biological agents to use in attacks on civilians.
← This early version of biological terrorism continued on into the 14th century where the bubonic plague was used to infiltrate enemy cities
← 1984 - USA - Rajneeshee bioterrorism attack
← 1993 - Japan - Aum Shinrikyo anthrax release in Kameido
← 2001 - USA - Anthrax Attacks
← 1710: Russians used plague victims against Swedes
← 1767: French & Indian War: Blankets from smallpox hospitals provided to Native American- resulted into epidemic of Smallpox
← World War 1- Germany sent infected horses to Allied lines.
← World War 2- Japanese unit killed 731 Chinese people because of they were infected by Anthrax
← 2 incidents over past 20 years involving intentional bacterial contamination of food
← 1972- US & UK , Soviet Union Signed biological weapon convention
Bioterrorism can be spread or disbursed by mainly three components, and those are Viruses, Bacteria, and Toxic chemical.
MEDIUMS OF BIOLOGICAL ATTACK
← Chemical and biological agents can be dispersed in the air we breathe
← Animals - Some diseases are spread by insects and animals, such as fleas, mice, flies, and mosquitoes.
← Food and water contamination
← Person-to-person spread of a few infectious agents is also possible
There are mainly three agents which can cause bioterrorism or through which bioterrorism can be out. Agent A, Agent B, Agent C. Out of all of them Agent A are likely to do most of the damages to the human being as well as animals and natural resources.
Category A Biological Diseases are those most likely to do the most damage. Below are the components of Agent A
← Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
← Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin)
← The Plague (Yersinia pestis)
← Smallpox (Variola major)
← Tularemia (Francisella tularemia)
← Hemorrhagic fever, due to Ebola Virus or Marburg Virus
Some of the well known Viruses and Bacteria
← Chicken pox
← Small pox
← Ebola hemorrhagic fever
← hepatitis B
← hepatitis C
← genital herpes
← thyroid fever