Bioethics: Definition, Cloning, Food, and Organs

Topics: Stem cell, Cloning, Embryonic stem cell Pages: 5 (1467 words) Published: May 1, 2011
Not surprisingly, news involving one organism or another being cloned is not that infrequent in today’s world. It seems that the most predominant use of cloning is to serve the interests of human beings. While some researchers have worked with cloning that would benefit the natural world, cloning efforts focuses for example on the breeding populations of endangered species or actually reintroducing species that have gone extinct, the primary focus of cloning is to serve humans themselves either by increasing food supply or by providing transplant organs. The intent of this paper is to review some of the more frequent applications of cloning and to discuss those applications for a bioethics standpoint and discussed the areas of cloning, livestock, and stem cell issues and concerns that occurred within the past year or so. Few of us if any really do not know the term of bioethics! According to The American Heritage® Dictionary, “bioethics” means “the study of the moral implications of new biological discoveries and biomedical advances, as in the fields of genetic engineering and drug research.” (The American Heritage Dictionary Of the English Language, Fourth Edition). "Bioethics" also means the study of ethical problems and arising from biological research and its applications and such fields as organ transplantation, genetic engineering, or artificial insemination. (The American Heritage Dictionary Of the English Language, Fourth Edition).

When people think of the word cloning, they constantly think of frightening images of duplicate human beings created in somewhat of a mad scientist style experiment. In fact, numerous members of the public were shocked “when, Dolly the sheep resulted from a cloning experiment in Scotland. Therapeutic cloning, however, is entirely different and does not involve the creation of a somewhat copied human being” (Adult stem cells, 2009 ). It is the reproductive cloning which results in a copy of a specific human being. The process of cloning generates products or even individuals that are genetically identical. The process can occur in three distinct ways. These are (1) Gene cloning, (2) reproductive cloning, and (3) therapeutic cloning (Wagner, 2007). Concerning Gene cloning, the Genes or segments of an organism of DNA produced by taking samples of genes after the “progenitor” means someone or something that begets or creates (The American Heritage Dictionary Of the English Language, Fourth Edition). (Wagener, 2007) Nonetheless, placing the samples taken and put them into a vector cell such as a bacteria or a virus which is next enticed to reproduced the product with the preferred genetic makeup. Reproductive cloning, on the other hand, remains to create a duplicate of the supply of the nucleus, for example Dolly the sheep. Human reproductive cloning, which is highly unethical, would be a challenge to duplicate a human. In theory, a blastocyst created and then implanted in a womb to bring about a pregnancy. The overwhelming consensus of the U.S. scientific and medical communities, including the AAMC and the National Academy of Sciences, is that reproductive cloning should be barred.

In the March 21, 2011 edition of the (States News Service, 2011) BIO advocated the cloning of livestock aimed at the purposes of use such as human food. The organization quarrels that cloned livestock allows the easier production of healthful food (States News Service, 2011). “In notion these foods might be of a huge asset in feeding the world. There are, of course, many bioethical considerations when we consider cloning. Bioethics considers biological processes as they linked to morals. The rights and wrongs of any particular situation also effects upon other situations (Wagner, 2007).” Several bioethical considerations is that anytime we start to depend on high technology and abandon the age-old practices that have nurtured us as a species; we position ourselves and our world in danger. We...
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