Bill Clinton's Health Care Plan

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Bill Clinton’s Health Care Plan|
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1. Why did he try to change? Why was it necessary?

2.1. The way towrds the reform………………………………………………….3 2.2. Theodore Roosevelt………………………………………………………….3 2.3. Franklin Dealno Roosevelt…………………………………………………..3 2.4. Harry S. Truman……………………………………………………………..4 2.5. Medicare…………………………………………………………………….5 2.6. The Medicare Legacy……………………………………………………….5 2.7. Problems in the Work……………………………………………………….5 2.8. Carter………………………………………………………………………..6

2. The Heach Care Plan……………………………………………………………7 3.9. Contemporary Problems……………………………………………………7 3.10. The plan…………………………………………………………………….8 3.11. Element of the Plan………………………………………………………....8

3. Criticism and defeat
4.12. „Learning from defeat”…………………………………………………….9 4.13. „Only Instrumental Reform Plan could have passed”……………………...9 4.14. „Only bipartisan reforms are enacted”……………………………………..10 4.15. „There is no prospect for major health care reform in contemporary American politics”……………………………………………………………………...10 4.16. Lesson from history and historical comparison…………………………….10 4.17. So what happened?........................................................................................10 4.18. The American attitudes toward the health care……………………………..11

4. Health Care after Clinton………………………………………………………..11

Bill Clinton Health Care Plan
1. Why did he try to change? Why was it necessary?
One of the reasons why the United States doesn’t have a comprehensive National Health Care Plan is, that the polititcal institutions are structurally biased against reform. That means that in the political era, it’s more important to protect minority factions than majority factions. There are two more interesting questions in the case of health care. First, that in the American culture, individualism and egalitarianism are two of the most important values. Considering these two ideas it seems to be that there is a contrast in the American policies, because they didn’t prevent from developing a comprehensive, publicly financed education system; so why was the Health Care reform not succesful? The other issue is that in the U.S. the reformers had a well organised and well financed opposition, which could defeat the Health Care plan. How is it possible that in other democracies not? 1.1. The way toward the reform

In the most industrialized countries the political battles about the comprehensive national health insurance were in the first decades of the 20th century. United States was already in an advantegous position. For example: when in Europe the middle classes were fighting for the right to vote, this right was already granted in the U.S.. But in the case of health care, they didn’t have this advantage. 1.2. Theodor Roosevelt

He tried to protect home life against of sickness, irregular employment and old age through transplantation of a social insurance in an American way. His defeat by Woodrow Wilson and the entrance into World War I are the reasons for the lack of the development in this problem. 1.3. Franklin Delano Roosevelt

First we have to mention, that the U. S. social system was not so developed like in the European democracies and the executive powers were weak too. The President promoted progressive social reforms, but despite of his popularity he and his advisors came to believe that to put health insurance plan into the reform package would defeat the whole bill. This was a strategic choice, because they knew that the Congress writes law and that the hospital and insurance industries, with powerful American Medical Association would attack...
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