Basic Female Reproduction System

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The female reproductive system is made up of various glands and structures in the pelvis region. The external anatomy is referred to as the vulva, which includes the labia majora, labia minora, and clitoris. The internal anatomy includes the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and the two ovaries.

The labia majora are the most external structure of the female genitals. They are often referred to as the large lips because they are larger than the labia minora. Each labium is a fleshy portion of skin that surrounds and protects the rest of the anatomy. The labia are comparable to the scrotum in the male. They contain sweat glands and oil secreting glands as well as hair after puberty.

Directly inside the labia majora are the labia minora, also known as the small lips. Like the labia majora, their purpose is to cover and protect the openings within. The labia meet at the front of the vulva to form the clitoral hood.

Inside the clitoral hood is the clitoris. The clitoris is a small mass of erectile nerve tissue and is the primary source of female sexual pleasure. It is comparable to the male penis, however it does not contain the opening of the urethra and is not used for urination.

The first section of the internal anatomy is the vagina. The vagina is a canal that extends from the outside of the body towards the cervix. It is also known as the birthing canal since the baby passing though the vagina during childbirth. It is located behind the bladder and urethra and in front of the rectum.

Above the vagina is the uterus, also known as the womb. It is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that is home to the developing fetus and placenta. The lower portion of the uterus is referred to as the cervix, and the upper portion is referred to as the corpus.

From either side of the corpus of the uterus are the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are also referred to as oviducts because the eggs, or ovum, come from the ovaries and travel through these tubes into the...
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