Awareness on First Aid on Common Injuries

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Awareness on First Aid on Common Injuries
by the MAPEH Major Students In
University of Rizal System
ACADEMIC YEAR 2011- 2012

An Undergraduate Thesis Proposal
Presented to
the Faculty of School of Education
University of Rizal System
Pililla, Rizal

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Secondary Education
Major in MAPEH

Mikko N. Buenaventura
John Dave A. Melo
Jelner M. Reyes
Arcel B. Flores
Chapter 1


“Injuries are part of a game, but sometimes we can avoid them by practicing our techniques. (Troy Vincent).1
First aid, it is a care given in an emergency situation before any medical help arrives. Most of the time, simple techniques could determine the out come of life or death situation. Every year over 250, 000 people get into fatal road accidents. Depending the area you live, emergency services might take from ten to thirty minutes arrived. The time it takes for emergency services to arrive might be fatal for those who are involved in collisions. In these cases, the first person who is present at the scene of accident would be another road user. Again depending on the time and the region, you may be lucky to found by another user within the few seconds of accident. As a fellow driver, if that person has a good understanding of first aid techniques then it is very likely that your life would be saved.

One of the ways how we could deal with it is by giving first aid training to our youngster at school. This way they would get to learn more techniques at an early age and start practicing as well. For some of us it may be too late to go back to school just to learn some first aid techniques. In those cases, we could obtain some training for the outside organizations. There are many organizations around the country and globe that offer trainings. If you are concerned about the time that you may have to spent on these trainings then do not worry, because it does not take too long for you to learn some important basic techniques, such us the ones you use in case of road accidents.2

An injury is a damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, blows, burns, weapons, and more. In U.S.A millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries ranged from minor to life threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors and outdoors, driving a car or walking across the street.3

Physical education classes are needed because of the more sedentary lifestyle of many children, but physical education teachers and the students need to be aware of potential injuries in physical education class. In fact the incidence of injury has been rising by 150% in 10 years (1997 to 2007). This statistic was gathered by the “Center for Injury Research and Policy of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital”. In order to identify the frequency of injuries, researchers examined the types of injuries that occurred most often during P.E class and the ages of the children involved. The study’s findings were published in the most recent online issue of the journal Pediatrics. The injuries overall are: 23%- leg, knee and foot sprains and strains (lower extremity) 14%- fingers, wrists, arms, elbows and shoulder sprains and strains (upper extremity) 14%- fractures, while children from 5 to 10 years old had twice the change of having a head injury over any other, children from 11 to 14 years were the largest group represented, making up 52% of the injury numbers. While any physical activity may cause an injury, the most common ones, making up 70% of the injuries during P.E were: basketball, football, gymnastics, soccer, running and volleyball. Interestingly, there was no difference between boys and girls in terms of the...
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