Curriculum is designed to develop successful learners. Confident and creative individuals and active and informed citizens (MCEECDYA, 2008, p.13). In 2008, the Australian Government promised to deliver a fair and equitable curriculum for the national’s educational system, taking the task away from the State and Local Governments. The purpose of this was to create an even level of education throughout the country whether in Hobart of Cape York, and to ensure our nations position into the 21st century. This essay will demonstrate the Nation’s curriculum, its structure and development ready for its initial implementation in 2011.
THE STRUCTURE OF AUSTRALIAN CURICULUM.
The Australian Curriculum Assessment and Reporting authority (ACARA) are responsible for the development of the Australian curriculum from Kindergarten to Year 12 (ACARA, 2009). In 2008, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, then Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Education, Employment and Workplace relations and Minister for Social Inclusion announced a plan to implement a national curriculum to Australia (Brady & Kennedy, 2010, p.12).
To structure the new curriculum and ensure the successful implementation within 3 years, ACARA was formed. The Nation’s Curriculum has been divided into 2 sections being K-10 and Senior Years. The curriculum for K-10 and Senior Years will now include the following subjects, English, Mathematics, Sciences, History, The Arts, Languages, Health and Physical education and Information and Communication Technology, although at Senior Years the curriculum is broken down again for more advanced learning within each topic, eg. English and English as a Second Language (EAL) to name a few. The initial implementation in 2011, will include the first four subjects being English, mathematics, Science and History.
Although the structure of the curriculum is for the relevant subjects, within each curriculum, a breakdown of the aim (objective), content structure (content), across K-12(learning experiences) and achievement standard ( Evaluation). We can then assume that the new Nation’s Curriculum has been modelled of the most common model in the field of curriculum development being Tyler’s Model (Brady and Kennedy, 2009.) which was established over 60 years ago. Tyler’s model was clear and simple and asked the following four questions: 1. What educational purpose should the school seek to attain? 2. What educational experiences can be provided that are likely to attain these purposes? 3. How can these experiences be effectively organised?
4. How can we determine whether these purposes are being attained? Each subject will not only be broken down in 3 main learning sections, but will then be broken down for specified age groups being K-2, 3-6, 7-10 and Senior Years. The content structures for the following subjects are as follows: ENGLISH: Will be structured into Literacy, Language and Literature, with the aim of providing all Australians’ with the skills for world class communication in writing, reading and speaking(ACARA, 2009.). MATHEMATICS: Will be structured into Number and Algebra, Statistics and Probability and Measurement and Geometry, with the aim that all Australians’ will be confident, creative and good communicators of Mathematics (ACARA, 2009.). SCIENCE: Science Inquiry Skills, Science as a human Endeavour and Science Understanding will be the structure for Science, aiming to ensure Australia’s knowledge of biological, physical and Technology is world class (ACARA, 2009.). HISTORY: With the aim of providing Australians with an interest in lifelong learning and appreciation of the past which shaped today’s society, History is structured into historical knowledge and understanding and historical skills (ACARA, 2009.).
The scope of the curriculum is for all of Australia, including Government, Community, Schools, Parents and Families. The main focus of the curriculum is on the student and...