Western Governors University
Has the Diagnosis of ADHD Increased?
ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, was once known as hyper kinesis. ADHD has become a common diagnosis in children. The three symptoms of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentive. Research regarding ADHD has become a national priority. It is not known only as a children’s disease but many adults have been diagnosed with the condition as well. It has become a serious condition requiring long term treatment including therapies, counseling, and treatment involving medication. Regardless of age, ADHD a lifelong condition the patient will battle. Without a cure, research is ongoing to examine the long term outcome. ADHD affects three to five percent of all children and perhaps two million American children and fifty percent need medication as adults (Neuwirth, 2001). Research has shown that the diagnosis has increased due to increase of individuals identified, effects of diagnosis and multiple effective treatments, not only in children, but teens and adults.
The information presented in this paper will address the issues related to the increase in ADHD in people. First, there is an increase in individuals diagnosed, not only children. Then, the effects the diagnosis of ADHD have a great impact on their lives. Finally, as there is yet a cure, there are multiple effective treatments for ADHD symptoms.
With time, studies have shown an increase in ADHD over the years. This increase relates to ADHD as a brain delaying development dysfunction, no cure and the broad range of treatments (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011). With this dysfunction, it causes issues among children as well as adults, in school, while working and during everyday relationships. During research done, they found that the development of the cortical surface is delayed in the frontal brain in children with ADHD (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011). With this condition, it can cause a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain growing up.
Although there is no cure, diagnosing became more common and treatments are more liberal among patients displaying the symptoms. Diagnosis are first presented to the child’s pediatrician yet identified and treated by psychiatrist. A proper diagnosis is made by using the diagnostic criteria listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders (Anadolis, Neuwirth, 2005). Once a criterion is met, information is gathered about the person by individuals in close relationship with. An evaluation about their behavior, how long it lasts, and their work performance help with the evaluation. Once the evaluation is made, then an effective treatment begins.
A broad range of treatments have been tested and being successfully used to maintain a stable healthy relationship with patient in self and others. The medication treatment of choice is stimulants. With stimulants as treatments, there are different responses to different treatments with in different ethnicities (Hallowell, Ratey, 1994). Proper examinations are conducted to ensure proper treatment is being provided. This helps to make sure patients are leading a healthy lifestyle.
Researchers have many questions regarding ADHD. With proper diagnosis and treatment, researchers believe that they are many unanswered questions that need to be answered prior to a diagnosis. Some researchers link ADHD causes and effects to an emotional or mental reaction to an issue that has happened in their life (Laschinsky, 2010). Others believe it can be linked to possible parent smoking while pregnant as well as environmental toxins in preschoolers (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2011). Different researchers feel ADHD is a psychological or a neurological disease (Rafalovich, 2002).
Another question is what symptoms are being displayed that links them to have ADHD. At one point people were monitoring refined sugar intake and the...