1.) The organ system asthma affect is the respiratory system (the lungs). Asthma is diagnosed based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and test result. During an asthma attack the person have an acute episodes when the airways in their lungs become narrow and becomes more difficult to breath. The lungs and airways overreact to certain triggers, in which the lining of the airways become swollen and inflamed, tightness of the chest, and increased of mucus in the lungs. It is harder to breath and may hurt too. Coughing and wheezing are common in asthma. Wheezing occurs because the rush of air moves through the narrowed airways. There are two types of medication to treat asthma. 1.) A control drugs to prevent the attacks.
2.) A quick relief (rescue) drugs for use during the attacks. A long term control drugs for asthma are used to prevent symptoms for people with moderate to severe asthma. Inhaled steroids prevent symptoms by not allowing the airways to swell. Also, long-acting beta-agonist inhalers will help prevent asthma symptoms as well. A quick relief (rescue) drugs work really fast to control asthma symptoms. Short-acting bronchodilator inhalers like Proventil, Ventolin, and Xopenex may help with asthma symptoms too.
2.) Epidemiology is the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health. Epidemiologists compare different groups of people to see why they may be sick, such as asthma. By understanding the conditions increase the possibility of developing health outcomes. Epidemiology led to advances in medicine and ways of controlling and preventing diseases.
3.) Yes, there are other agents that can trigger asthma symptoms or an asthma attack.
-Untreated conditions such as rhinitis, sinusitis, and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). -Menstrual cycle/hormone changes
-Perfumes, hairsprays, and scented lotion
-Cleaning solutions, pesticides,...