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State the different assessment methods available and the records you would complete for the tracking of assessment and explain why these are needed.
Assessment is the means of obtaining information, which allows teachers, pupils and parents to make judgements about pupil progress. The starting point for this is the curriculum and the processes of learning and teaching. Assessment is integral to the planning process and is a tool for reflection on programme construction and teaching. Assessment measures the success of learning, teaching and achievement and guides the next steps to be achieved. Assessment is a reflective tool designed to check understanding and development within any subject area. Biggs (1999) makes it clear that assessment should be constructively aligned with the learning outcomes, content and learning activities in a module. He describes a process called backwash – arguing that assessment determines students‟ learning more than the actual curriculum. If students focus their learning effort on their assignments then, we should design these to genuinely capture the types of learning we want to see happening.
It is important that assessment tasks are devised to link to the level and wording of the outcomes. One important aspect of this is to find the right words to define exactly what students should do (it is important to share the meaning of the words with students as well). The words included below are derived from Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956).
| | |Knowledge describe, recall, define, state, recognise, name, list, underline, reproduce, measure, write, label, identify, acquire, | |record | | | |Understanding Comprehension comprehend, understand, draw, interpolate, extrapolate, predict, have insight into, translate, give | |examples of… | | | |Application apply, show, demonstrate, perform, use, relate, develop, transfer, infer, construct, translate, illustrate, experiment, | |refine | | | |Analysis analyse, identify, detect, distinguish, separate, compare, categorise, investigate, seek out, explore | | | |Synthesis combine, restate, summarise, précis, generalise, conclude, derive, organise, design, deduce, classify, formulate, propose,| |visualise, solve, realise | | | |Evaluation evaluate, judge, decide, argue, choose, recommend, critically analyse, select, defend, assess, self assess, hypothesise, | |review | | |...
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