INF 103 Computer Literacy
Instructor Melvin Lee
December 12, 2012
This is going to be a paper on Artificial Intelligence. I want to explain a little on how computers are starting to take over our world. I will be explaining to you the beginnings of Artificial Intelligence and the knowledge expansion, the multitude of programs, transition from lab to life, A.I. put to the test, the history, methods used to create intelligence, learning, natural language processing, social intelligence and general intelligence. There is a lot to cover on this subject and I don't have all the information on this but from what I have I hope you will have a better understanding on what it is, how it works and how it's becoming our future.
Artificial Intelligence or AI for short, is a combination of computer science, physiology, and philosophy. AI is a broad topic, consisting of different fields, from machine vision to expert systems. The element that the fields of AI have in common is the creation of machines that can think. In order to classify machines as thinking, it is necessary to define intelligence. To what degree does intelligence consist of, for example, solving complex problems, or making generalizations and relationships. And what about perception and comprehension. Research into the areas of learning, of language, and of sensory perception have aided scientists in building intelligent machines. One of the most challenging approaches facing experts is building systems that mimic the behavior of the human brain, made up of billions of neurons, and arguably the most complex matter in the universe. Perhaps the best way to argue the intelligence of a machine is British computer scientist Alan Turing's test. He stated that a computer would deserves to be called intelligent if it could deceive a human into believing that it was human. Artificial Intelligence has come a long way from its early roots, driven by dedicated researchers. The beginnings of AI reach back before electronics, to philosophers and mathematicians such as Boole and others theorizing on principals that were used as the foundation of AI logic. AI really began to intrigue researchers with the invention of the computer in 1943. The technology was finally available, or so it seemed, to stimulate intelligent behavior. Over the next four decades, despite many stumbling blocks, AI has grown from a dozen researchers, to thousands of engineers and specialists; and from programs capable of playing checkers, to systems designed to diagnose disease. AI has always been on the pioneering and of computer science. Advantage level computer languages, as well as computer interfaces and word processors owe their existence to the research into artificial intelligence. The theory and insights brought about by AI research will set the trend in the future of computing. The products available today are only bits and pieces of what are soon to follow, but they are a movement towards the future of artificial intelligence. The advancements in the quest for artificial intelligence have, and will continue to affect our jobs, our education, and our lives. Evidence of artificial intelligence folklore can be traced back to ancient Egypt, but with the development of the electronic computer in 1941, the technology finally became available to create machine intelligence. The term artificial intelligence was first coined in 1956, at the Dartmouth conference, and since then artificial intelligence has expanded because of the theories and principles developed by its dedicated researchers. Through its short modern history, advancement in the fields of AI have been slower than first estimated, progress continues, and they have impacted other technological advancements. Era of the Computer: In 1941 an invention revolutionized every aspect of the storage and...