Art History

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Kareem Hines
Chapter 3
Egypt under the Pharaohs
I have always found the time of pharaohs to be very interesting. I’ve seen plenty of movies about the times in Egypt of slavery and pharaohs and the building of the pyramids but as I got older I always started to wonder what the time was really like. Going over chapter three I found that that time period was actually very important in a lot of ways but even more important was their use of art and the forms they used it in, all the amazing monuments that were built by them, the writings and drawings on the walls full of stories and different interpretations. The time of these great accomplishments span over three millennia. Even years after the pyramids and hieroglyphics were made people coming across them still found them vastly interesting and amazing. The middle ages was a great example of this, people at the time saw Egypt as a mystic place full of wisdom and wonders. They were amazed by what the Egyptians had created and how beautiful and creative all of it was. Scholars studied the statues, monuments, and hieroglyphics for years and still do today just to try to understand a little more about their culture and their art as a civilization but it wasn’t until much later after the time that they found the key to deciphering the writings on the walls. A group of linguists and scholars found the Rosetta stone which was a key to understand the hieroglyphics, on it was 3 writings, one was in Greek which could be understood by the scholars, another was in demotic which was figured out to be a dead Egyptian language and the last was the hieroglyphics. Scholars believed that they all said the same thing and that it was the translation key to understand the massive amounts of hieroglyphics found all around Egypt. This was a huge discovery for the history of Egypt and helped to produce more curiosity about Ancient Egypt culture and their distinct art.

There were a lot of things about Egypt’s art the made it distinct and different from all other cultures and civilizations at the time. This one picture (figure 3-2) of and Egyptian mural is one of the oldest mural painting found of ancient Egypt. In the mural recreation watercolor copy you can see what look like possibly boats on water with humans and animals around. The Humans seem to be doing farming, grazing work along with the animals. Also you see some humans with what look like whips probably whipping slaves to continue their work. This piece of artwork is a characteristic of Neolithic paintings because the assortment of the people and objects on the painting seem to be pretty random. I like this painting though because to me this is what I picture Egyptian’s artwork like, drawings of what they see in no particular order but just putting up what they have seen or possibly been apart with and even looking at it you could come up with a story for it. The kind of artwork that is just drawn just because they want to draw it’s random as said by the Neolithic type of work and I like it for that reason of it just being all over the place different things going on all over the artwork. Another picture (Figure 3-8) the great pyramids in Gizeh Egypt of the fourth dynasty is just amazing to me. I have always just wondered how the Egyptians were able to create such massive pieces of art. I know they had many slaves to help build them but there are just so many that to me it almost seems like an impossible feat and such beauty and perfection in 75 years of building just those three, all the pyramids of Egypt I can’t even imagine the time for building those. In this particular group of pyramids they were made in the shape of the “ben-ben” which the Egyptian emblem of the sun. What I find really cool about that idea is that the Egyptians made it like that because they buried their pharaohs in the pyramids and they believed that the sun’s rays served as a walkway for their dead pharaohs to reach heaven after their death and their idea of...
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