Apush Terms Ch. 31

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1) A. Mitchell Palmer- Attorney General in 1920s; earned the title of the "fighting Quaker" by his excess of zeal in rounding up suspects of Red Scare; ultimately totaled about six thousand; This drive to root out radicals was redoubled in June 1919, when a bomb shattered his home 2) Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti- case regarded by liberals as "judicial lynching". Sacco, a shoe-factory worker, and Vanzetti, a fish peddler, were convicted in 1921 of the murder of a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; 3) Horace Kallen- believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups 4) Randolph Bourne- This man was a "cultural pluralist" along with Horace Kallen. He opposed the idea of immigration restriction 5) Al Capone- grasping and murderous booze distributor; known as "Scarface"; from Chicago; in 1925, he began six years of gang warfare that netted him millions of blood-splattered dollars; branded "Public Enemy Number One"; 6) John Dewey- was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer; one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism. 7) John T. Scopes- a high school biology teacher who was indicted for teaching evolution in the "Monkey Trial" of 1925; defended by nationally known attorneys; clash between theology and biology proved inconclusive; found guilty and fined $100; Tennessee supreme court set fine aside on a technicality 8) William Jennings Bryan- an ardent Presbyterian Fundamentalist; joined the prosecution against John Scopes in the "Monkey Trial" of 1925; took the stand as an expert on the Bible, he was made to appear foolish by criminal lawyer Clarence Darrow; five days after trial, he died of a stroke, probably from heat and stress 9) Clarence Darrow- famed criminal lawyer; worked in "Monkey Trial"; made William Jennings Bryan appear foolish 10) Andrew Mellon- Treasury Secretary whose tax policies favored the rapid...
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