3.02 Romanticism and Transcendentalism

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1. After reviewing the Romanticism resource page, list three characteristics of Romanticism. Also, identify three authors of the Romantic period. Profound love of nature, focus on the self and the individual, and fascination with the supernatural. Three authors of this period are William Cullen Bryant, Edgar Allan Poe, and Washington Irving. 2. Using the Transcendentalism resource page, list three characteristics of Transcendentalism. • Reverence for nature

• Celebrated individualism
• Intuition
3. How did Transcendentalists feel about nature? What did Transcendentalists feel about the inherent nature of human beings (were humans inherently good or evil)? They admired and respected nature. They thought all people were inherently good. 4. Transcendentalists believe that individuals "transcend" by learning from and living in harmony with nature. Thoreau put this philosophy into practice by living alone in a cabin he built himself at Walden Pond for two years (1845 -1847). Thoreau's experiences during this period provided him with the material for his masterwork Walden (1854). The quote below is from Walden. Describe two specific things Thoreau learned about life by translating the lines below in your own words: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.... I wanted to live deeply and suck out all the marrow of life." (Walden) I feel that two things that he learned was that he realized he was never truly living until he had gone on his own into nature and that there are many things in life that you don’t really need. 5. Which two great passive resistance leaders were influenced by the premise of Transcendentalism through the works of Thoreau and Emerson?
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