Applied Linguistics

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VIETNAM NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, HANOI
UNIVERSITY OF LANGUAGES AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES FALCUTY OF POST- GRADUATE

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FINAL ASSIGNMENT

Subject: APPLIED LINGUISTICS

Topic 5:
DISCUSS SOME OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING LEARNER’S ACHIEVEMENT IN SECOND/ FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING

Lecturer: Dr. Hoàng Văn Vân Learner : Nguyễn Thị Huyên Class: 18A-DA - English

Hà Nội, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………….…2 II. DEVELOPMENT…………………………………………………………………………2 II.1. Discuss some of the factors affecting L2 learning……………………………………..2 II.1.1. Internal factors………………………………………………………………....2 II.1.1.1. Motivation…………………………………………………………….2 II.1.1.2. Language aptitude…………………………………………………….3 II.1.1.3. Learner’s age………………………………………………………….4 II.1.1.4. Learner’s personality………………………………………………….6 II.1.2. External factors…………………………………………………………...……7 II.1.2.1. Social factors……………………………………………………….…7 II.1.2.2. Cultural factors………………………………………………………..8 II.2. Language teaching implications………………………………………………………..8 III. CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………….10 IV. REFERENCE……………………………………………………………………………11 I. INTRODUCTION

Second language learning has always become an important work-field both in schools and other private sectors dealing with language teaching and learning process especially in the time of global integration. It is a complex activity involving a mix of internal factors such as age, aptitude, motivation, personality, or learning strategies…and external factors such as socio-economic and cultural background, learning and teaching contexts… All these factors play a very important role in learners´ success in acquiring and using a second language. Thus, learners’ second language achievement can be greatly improved when teachers have a better understanding of the learner, of the learning process and of the variables that may help or hinder learner’s language achievement. Because of the limited size of this article, I am going to discuss some of the most important factors affecting learner’s second language achievement: motivation, age, personality, social and cultural factor in order to analyze what stimulates successful language learning and what places obstacles in the learner’ s path to language proficiency. II. DEVELOPMENT

II.1. Some factors affecting learner’s L2 achievement
II.1.1. Internal factors
II.1.1.1. Motivation
It is undeniable that motivation is one of the major factors in deciding the learner’s failure or success in second language achievement. Motivation is a kind of desire for learning. It is very difficult to teach a second language in a learning environment if the learner does not have a desire to learn a language. Reece & Walker (1997) stress that a less able student who is highly motivated can achieve greater success than the more intelligent student who is not well motivated. In this article, we are concerned with motivation related to foreign language teaching and learning. Wilkins (1972) points out that “motivation is not a general covert term for possibly distinct concept such as energy, interest and enjoyment, but instead, restricted to the degree of willingness to learn which depends largely on the learner’s needs in learning the language. Psychologists have distinguished two major types of motivation which play an important role in determining how willing the learner is to persevere with the task: instrumental and integrative motivation

The first motivation will be discussed is instrumental motivation. It is generally characterized by the desire to obtain something practical or concrete from the study of a second language (Hudson 2000). With instrumental...
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