May 12, 2013
From 1900-1950 the countries of India and China where experiencing independent and nationalist movements. These movements differed in the ways they achieved their goals. While China encompassed two major political powers, India had one. Both of these movements had a leading political figurehead. India met their independence through nonviolence, while China portrayed internal conflict. On the other hand, India encompassed only one major political party while China had two. Both movements raised political figures like Mao Zedong and Mahatma Gandhi.
The path that India and China took towards independence were different. While India sponsored militant nonviolence, China lead a Civil War. India’s predisposition to nonviolence was inspired by its leader Mahatma Gandhi. On the other hand, the Guomindang and Communist Party in China sparked guerrilla warfare. India, unlike China, is seen by participating in hunger strikes and protests like “The walk to the sea”, while China’s early bitter fights lead to civil unrest by the Red Army and the Guomindang. Perhaps the reason for these differing paths is due to the fact that India is seen as a whole trying to free itself from foreign impression, while China’s internal political difference caused conflict leading to a civil war. These countries have different paths to achieving their goals.
While India only had one prominent major political party, China had two. India’s party was the Indian National Congress unlike China which had the Guomindang as well as the Communist Party of China (CPC). While the Indian National Congress represented about 75% of the population, the Chinese Guomindang and the Communist Party had split membership contributing to China’s internal conflict. While the singular major Indian National Congress focused on gaining independence the two views of China’s party conflicted with types of governing. This is perhaps due to the fact that India was majorly...