India had struggled for its independence from 1858 to 1947. The British had forced themselves into India which brought economic and social alterations to every day life; destroying traditional Indian values. During the early 1920s Mohandas Gandhi began leading nonviolent resistances against European rule, this method was known as Satyagraha. Gandhi claimed the adoration of India’s people through his philosophies and strong nationalism. Many participated in his nonviolent resistances, and by 1947 the British released India from its grasp. Shortly after India’s achievement of independence, Gandhi was assassinated. After his death, India divided into several countries; India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan; each facing infinite struggles. Mohandas Gandhi had been very effective in unifying India, however, his influence did not last.
Mohandas Gandhi advocated equality in his country. India had segregated many groups into castes, gender, and religion. In the caste system, those of a lower rank were treated as lesser humans. “To say that a single human being, because of his birth, becomes an untouchable, unapproachable, or invisible, is to deny God” (Document 4). Gandhi called for better treatment of the untouchables, resulting in members of multiple caste ranks to respect and follow him. Not only did he wish to bring justice to the caste system, but he also desired more respect towards women. “Intellectually, mentally, and spiritually, a woman is equivalent to a male and she can participate in every activity” (Document 11). Gandhi’s fairness had resulted in more opportunities for women such as reserved government positions. “The 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution empowered rural women in 1993 by reserving one third of seats in the Panchayatas” (Document 12). Document 6 demonstrates Gandhi’s respect for other religions. Mohandas Gandhi included prayers from other religions, even though he was brought up as a Hindu. He embraced Christian teachings and even added an...
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