The title, Anthem for Doomed Youth', gives the first impression of the poem. An anthem', is a song of praise, perhaps sacred, so we get the impression that the poem might me about something religious or joyous. However, the anthem is for Doomed Youth' which is obviously negative. The title basically summarizes what the poem is; a mixture of thoughts related to religion and death, irony, and cynicism.
The poem doesn't slowly start to focus on the point he's making: there is an immediacy of war with the usage of present tense. Plus, it starts with a rhetorical question. With the rhetorical questions, he says that the dead soldiers, or cattle', die insignificantly, for there are no passing-bells' for them. Furthermore, he is emphasizing the vast number of the dead by meaning that there wouldn't be enough bells, or time to ring the bells for each soldier. The speaker continues by answering his own question with lines filled with onomatopoeia, personification, assonance, and alliteration: the only' substitute for the bells are the bullets fired during war by the stuttering rifles' and the guns' with the monstrous anger'. This type of beginning sets out a solid foundation for the poem: it already gives the reader a strong idea of what the intentions of the poet are.
The poem continues the theme of negativity when the speaker criticizes the use of religion throughout war, and possibly questions God. By using things as sacred things as prayers', bells' and choirs' as tools to mourn the insignificant cattle', Owen says that the dead would only be mocked.
The vast number of dead cattle' is described by Own when he says that there aren't enough...