Answer the following questions using 150 words each unless otherwise indicated. List the the source for your information and use your own words. Attach this assignment here as a word file by June 4th.
1. Discuss taxonomy (chapt. 1). What are the two disciplines involved? Who "invented' modern taxonomy? What are the different levels of taxonomy? Taxonomy is the process or system of describing the way in which different living things are related by putting them in groups. The two disciplines involved are Aristotle and Carl von Linné who, invented modern taxonomy. Aristotle seen hierarchy of organisms, and called it the “Latter of Nature.” His “Latter of Nature” consisted of the lowest level of taxonomy which was rocks, then plants, then animals, and the highest level being humans. Humans have the ability to choose, think, and create. The next level of taxonomy is the animal kingdom. He then divided the animal kingdom further. The highest level of division was with or without blood. Those lineup today with vertebrates and invertebrates (with or without backbone.) Animals with blood were subdivided into ones that gave live birth (mammals), or ones that gave birth via egg (fish and birds). The animals without blood were then subdivided into insects, mollusks, and crustaceans, which were then divided into those with and without shells. The Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean classification for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms. The 7 different levels of taxonomy are
2. List all levels of taxonomy for a specific plant and animal. This may not need 150 words. Do not use examples from your textbook. APPLE TREE
Species: M. domestica
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